What is Disability?

Disability may be an impairment (impairment is a problem of function of body or problem in body structure), activity limitations (activity limitation is difficulty in executing an action or a task by an individual) or restriction of participation (restriction of participation is problem experienced by an individual or person in getting involved in different situations of social environment). A disability can be physical disability, mental disability, developmental disability, cognitive disability, sensory disability or combination of some of these or rarely all of these. Disability is a complex phenomenon, which is not easy to explain. Disability in an individual may be present from birth or it may be acquired in later life, by way of accident, disease etc.ID-10095438

An individual may also be termed a disable (disability) depending on the situation (where a person may not be able to fit in a certain situation but able to fit in other situations), i.e. depending on a personal or group standard or norms. For example, a person with certain chronic disease (e.g. hypertension, diabetes, asthma etc.), may fit in certain group as normal and may not fit (unfit or disable) in certain groups such as in military.

What are the types of disability?

Disability can be physical disability, developmental disability, sensory disability (these type include vision problems, hearing problems, problem of smelling, balanced disorder, somatosensory problems etc.), mental and emotional disability, intellectual disability and non-visible disability. Non-visible disability generally means the disable person generally has some chronic disease such as diabetes, epilepsy, asthma, irritable bowel syndrome, inflammatory bowel disease etc.

What aids are available for disability?

Depending on the type of disability, various disability aids are available. For example, individuals with physical disability may use various mobility aids to improve their mobility, such as cane, crutches, walkers, wheel chairs, scooters, tricycles, and various other devices. Individuals (disable person) with vision problem can use glasses, contact lens, various surgical and non-surgical measures for improvement of vision. Individuals with hearing problem can use various hearing aids. The use of disability aids always depends on the type of disability a person is suffering from.

Image courtesy of David Castillo Dominici / FreeDigitalPhotos.net

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1 Comment

  • Kit Nowell March 06, 2013 05.30 am

    Experiencing any kind of disability can affect one’s personality and outlook in life. That is why it’s important for them to get the best support system they could to make their situation easier. Medication is also important, next to healthy lifestyle and light environment.

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