Modifiable Risk Factors of Osteoporosis

Modifiable Risk Factors of Osteoporosis


We know by now that we need to eat the right foods, need to work out, and do stuff that is healthy for us. Because maintaining good health does not happen by accident, it requires work and smart lifestyle choices. But sometimes when we wake up at 6 am to hit the gym before work or shunning the donuts in breakfast, it’s easy to lose sight of for what are we doing all these. So here are some top articles choices that can keep you motivated to lead a healthy lifestyle and keep diseases at bay.

Modifiable Risk Factors of Osteoporosis

, Modifiable Risk Factors of OsteoporosisThere are several risk factors of developing osteoporosis. Some of the risk factors of osteoporosis are non-modifiable (such as age, female sex, heredity etc.) and some risk factors are modifiable or potentially modifiable.

The modifiable or potentially modifiable risk factors of osteoporosis include, excess alcohol intake, smoking, malnutrition, deficiency of vitamin D, physical inactivity, high protein diet, excessive strenuous exercise/training, exposure to heavy metals and other factors.

  • Excess alcohol intake:

Although moderate intake of alcohol is good for bone health as well as health in general, excess alcohol intake (greater than three drinks a day) increase risk of fracture and risk of osteoporosis.

  • Smoking:

Smoking is associated with worsening of bone health, although the exact mechanism is not well understood. Smoking reduce activity of osteoblasts, which protects bones from demineralization and are vital for optimal bone health. Smoking is also responsible for early menopause in women, low body weight and contribute in osteoporosis.

  • Malnutrition:

Good nutrition is important parameter for good bone health and malnutrition hamper good bone health. Malnutrition leads to lack of dietary calcium, vitamin D (and other vitamins), magnesium, zinc, boron, iron, fluoride, copper etc. Low protein intake in malnutrition is also a contributing factor for osteoporosis.

  • Deficiency of vitamin D:

Vitamin D deficiency is a common health problem among elderly individuals. Low vitamin D results in excess production of PTH (para thyroid hormone), which leads to increase bone resorption and weakness of bones due to demineralization. Vitamin D deficiency is associated with low calcium absorption, because vitamin D is essential for absorption of calcium from gastrointestinal tract.

  • Sedentary lifestyle:

Physical inactivity and sedentary lifestyle leads to poor bone health. Physical activity/stress stimulate bone remodeling and without adequate physical exercise bone health deteriorates and lead to osteoporosis. Weight bearing exercise, especially during adolescent age is helpful in improving bone mass, which is helpful in preventing osteoporosis in later age.

  • High protein diet:

Contrary to popular belief, high animal protein diet cause increase excretion of calcium and lead to osteoporosis.

  • Excessive strenuous exercise/training:

Excessive strenuous exercise/training, especially among females can lead to loss of bone mass and lead to osteoporosis. Excessive strenuous exercise/training may lead to suppression of menstruation as well as amenorrhea, which may be responsible for bone loss.

  • Exposure to heavy metals:

Exposure to heavy metals, such as cadmium results in osteoporosis and osteomalacia.

Recent studies suggest that intake of soft drinks result in osteoporosis, especially among women.

“Image courtesy of Ambro / FreeDigitalPhotos.net”.

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