Herpes Zoster during Pregnancy

Herpes Zoster during Pregnancy

We know by now that we need to eat the right foods, need to work out, and do stuff that is healthy for us. Because maintaining good health does not happen by accident, it requires work and smart lifestyle choices. But sometimes when we wake up at 6 am to hit the gym before work or shunning the donuts in breakfast, it’s easy to lose sight of for what are we doing all these. So here are some top articles choices that can keep you motivated to lead a healthy lifestyle and keep diseases at bay.

Herpes Zoster during Pregnancy

Herpes zoster during pregnancy is rare medical problem, but it may develop to any pregnant woman, as it may develop to any women. Herpes zoster during pregnancy may be due to reactivation of Varicella Zoster Virus (VZV), the causative agent for herpes zoster and chickenpox, or it may be due to fresh infection by VZV, as herpes zoster is highly infectious disease. By what means herpes zoster develops during pregnancy, it poses some risk to the unborn fetus, depending on the stage of pregnancy during the time of infection (or reactivation) of herpes zoster or shingles.

If you are pregnant or anyone close to you is pregnant you may be worried or concerned about the problems posed by herpes zoster during pregnancy, such as the effect of herpes zoster to the unborn fetus, what complications may develop to the mother etc. The infection of VZV may be transmitted to the fetus from mother during pregnancy or may be acquired by the baby during the time of delivery.

Infection of the newborn by Varicella Zoster Virus may occur in as many as 20% (ranges from 10-20%) cases if mother acquire herpes zoster infection five days before delivery to two days after delivery. Infection before delivery occurs due to absence of maternal antibodies against VZV and as a result hematogenous dissemination of the virus across the placenta. The babies become symptomatic (of herpes zoster) 5-10 days after delivery, which varies from skin lesions to systemic manifestations such as pneumonia.

If mother develops acute infection of herpes zoster around the time of delivery, ideally the delivery should be postponed by 5 days to one week, to prevent spread of Varicella Zoster Virus infection to the newborn baby, if possible. If postponement of delivery is not possible, the newborn baby should be administered varicella zoster immunoglobulin (VZIG) immediately after birth and the baby isolated from mother, if mother has skin lesions.

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