Five FAQs About Sore Throat

Five FAQs About Sore Throat

We know by now that we need to eat the right foods, need to work out, and do stuff that is healthy for us. Because maintaining good health does not happen by accident, it requires work and smart lifestyle choices. But sometimes when we wake up at 6 am to hit the gym before work or shunning the donuts in breakfast, it’s easy to lose sight of for what are we doing all these. So here are some top articles choices that can keep you motivated to lead a healthy lifestyle and keep diseases at bay.

Five FAQs About Sore Throat

, Five FAQs About Sore ThroatWhat is sore throat?

Sore throat (also known as pharyngitis or infection/inflammation of pharynx) is itching, discomfort and pain in the throat. If you have sore throat, your swallowing will become painful. Sore throat is more severe in the morning and gradually improves as the day progresses, which is repeated over several days unless treated. Sore throat can be acute or recurrent. Majority of sore throat problems are due to viral infection and do not need to be treated by antibiotics, and they go away by itself in due course of time.

Most common bacterial cause of sore throat is streptococcal infection. Streptococcal infection may lead to serious heart problems (rheumatic fever) in future; hence, it should be promptly treated with appropriate antibiotics.

What causes sore throat?

Sore throat is usually caused due to

  • Flu/common cold
  • Breathing through mouth, which makes throat dry and cause irritation and sore throat
  • Viral infection
  • Acid reflux, as seen in GERD (gastro-esophageal reflux disease)
  • Fungal infection
  • Bacterial infection (commonly streptococcus)
  • Surgery such as tonsillectomy
  • Foreign body in pharynx
  • Infectious mononucleosis (a type of viral infection)

What are the common remedies for sore throat?

Most of the time sore throat cures by itself over time. Sometimes remedies can be helpful in reducing the severity of symptoms and also in reducing the duration of the problem. The following common home remedies are useful:

  • Drink warm liquid, preferably with honey or with green tea or lemon tea.
  • Gargle with warn salt water or with mouthwash several times a day to reduce soreness of throat.
  • To moisten and sooth the dry and painful throat, use humidifier or cool-mist vaporizer.
  • Suck throat lozenges (medicated) for soothing effect

When to seek medical attention for sore throat?

Seek medical attention if

  • There is fever associated with sore throat, not improving with common home remedies given above
  • White patch on the throat or swollen local lymph glands/nodes
  • You were in contact with a person with streptococcus sore throat
  • If you throat pain is such that taking even liquid has become troublesome
  • If your sore throat lasts for more than a week or there is fever
  • If your sore throat is not associated with common cold symptoms such as runny nose, sinus congestion, watery eyes etc.

How to prevent sore throat?

Personal hygiene is of utmost importance for prevention of sore throat, common cold, flu. Wash your hands properly with soap and sufficient water before eating anything, including meals. Reduce contact with individuals with sore throat. Do not share towels, hanky and other commonly used cloths. Cover your mouth and nose if somebody sneezes near you, especially if that person is suffering from cold, flu or sore throat.

“Image courtesy of David Castillo Dominici /”.

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