Tips to Prevent Heart Attack

It is possible to reduce the risks of heart attack and prevent heart attack, even if you have advanced CHD (coronary heart disease), by lowering the risk factors of heart attack. To reduce risk factors of heart attack, it is important to start a heart healthy lifestyle and get ongoing care for related medical conditions (such as hypertension, diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia etc.).

Start a heart healthy lifestyle and prevent heart attack:

Heart healthy lifestyle includes eating the right types of foods, avoiding wrong types of foods and getting regular exercise done. Eating right is actually not only for heart health, but also for overall better health. Your diet should have variety of fruits, vegetables, whole grain cereals. Your diet chart also should include fish, low fat milk or milk products, beans, peas, lentils, legumes etc. If you are fond of meat, take not more than few servings of lean meant, poultry etc. per week. Right eating should be combined with avoiding wrong/unhealthy for heart type of foods. Avoid foods that are rich in cholesterol, trans fat, saturated fats, high sodium or salt and added sugar.

Being overweight or obese is a greater risk factor of heart attack. Work with your doctor and trainer to reduce body weight. Regular exercise is important for healthy heart and important measure for prevention of heart attack. Do not strenuous start physical exercise suddenly. Start slowly and gradually increase time and level of physical activity. Sedentary lifestyle is an important risk factor of heart attack, so be active physically.

Along with eating right, and regular exercise, giving up bad habits such as smoking, excess alcohol intake (however, moderate alcohol intake is good for heart health, but never overdo it) are also important in preventing heart attack.

Ongoing medical care to prevent heart attack:

Medical conditions related to heart health and CHD need to be managed optimally to prevent heart attack. Hypertension (high blood pressure), diabetes and high cholesterol (dyslipidemia), should be treated adequately to be able to prevent heart attack. Hypertension is an important risk factor for heart attack (in fact it is rare to see heart attack in individuals with normal blood pressure), hence, control of high blood pressure is an integral part of heart attack prevention. High blood cholesterol, high LDL (low density lipoprotein), high triglycerides and low HDL (high density lipoprotein) are important risk factors of heart attack and need to be normalized with adequate medication and diet. Diabetes is another important risk factor of heart disease. Blood sugar need to be well controlled to prevent density lipoprotein. Take medications regularly and follow your doctor’s advice to prevent heart attack.

Emergency plan for heart disease (CHD) patients:

If you or anyone in your family suffer from CHD or other heart disease have an emergency plan ready. Write down a list of medicines you are taking, your health care provider’s phone numbers (both during and after office hours), and contact information for a relative. Keep the list in a handy place (such as in your wallet or wallet of your family member who is suffering from heart disease) to share in a medical emergency. Also write about medicines you are allergic to.

 

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