Kids are vulnerable to various common viral diseases, such as common cold, influenza, measles, rotavirus, coxsackie virus etc. Most of these viral infection usually disappear and infection get healed by itself, it is still better to prevent at the first place, because, these viral infections may not cause serious problems, but can have troublesome symptoms for your kids.
This is the most common viral infection for kids as well as for adults. It is not possible to find a person who has never suffered from common cold. Your child is particularly vulnerable to common cold in the first year of school. In many places, school season starts with common cold season, which increases the risk of common cold. It is not easy to prevent common cold. However, some good hygiene practices can be helpful, such as hand washing with soap and water before eating anything, not sharing common things such as handkerchiefs, water bottles, and many other items used by kids. Too close playing can also spread common cold.
This is another common viral infection of respiratory system for children. It is mainly seasonal disease, starting at the beginning of winter. Best protection against influenza is to take influenza vaccine. This vaccine is effective up to 80% to 85% of recipients. However the effectiveness of influenza vaccine varies in different years. Some year effectiveness is better than other years. The vaccine has to be taken once every year and can be given to children of 6 months age or more. Personal hygiene can help spread of the infection to some extent.
In many countries measles is no more seen, because of high vaccination rate and because of high effectiveness of the vaccine. Even in poor and developing countries measles vaccine is given as part of UIP (universal immunization program). However, in developing countries too such as US or Europe, measles outbreaks are reported, may be due to low vaccination rate, as in many countries measles is no more seen. All children should get measles vaccine, at 9 months to 15 months of age (in developed countries it is given at 12-15 months of age). Next booster at school age. In many schools, proof of measles vaccination is mandatory for school admission.
Rotavirus diarrhea is the most common cause of diarrhea among children, especially infants below one year of age. Rotavirus diarrhea leads to frequent watery stool and lead to dehydration with loss of fluid and electrolytes. Good news is, there is highly effective vaccine available against rotavirus. This vaccine should be given before one year of age. This vaccine is usually not given to older children. If your child did not receive rotavirus vaccine, make sure to dispose diapers hygienically and wash hands properly after disposing diapers. Make sure your child wash hands properly before eating anything and ensure your child do not put anything in the mouth, which is common habit of children.
This is also known as “kissing disease”, as it is spread by kissing and contact with saliva. This is common among teenage kids. Other than kissing, mononeucleosis can also spread by sharing foods, drinks and utensils. Advise your teenage kids about the danger of sharing foods, drinks, utensils and also about kissing. Symptoms of kissing disease include gland enlargement, fever, and sore throat and generalized weakness.
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