Teach Your Child How To Prevent Common Infections At School

Infection is common when your child starts going to school. According to the American Academy of Pediatrics a school going child may have as many as 10 to 12 colds a year. And this is only one type of respiratory infection. Now you imagine your child is at risk of how many infections at school. But, you can certainly not stop your child going to school. Hence, it is important to teach your child how to prevent common childhood infections at school and social gatherings.ID-100202099

Conjunctivitis:

It is infection and inflammation of conjunctiva of eyes, which is the outer covering of white part of the eye. This white part become red/pink due to inflammation from infection, viral or bacterial infection. Conjunctivitis is highly contagious disease. Infection spread by touching eye with hands after touching discharge from infected eye of some patient. The infection can be minimized by making your child touch their face after washing hands with soap and water. Keeping hands clean and germ free is the way to prevent highly contagious disease such as conjunctivitis.

Impetigo:

This is infection of skin by Streptococcus or Staphylococcus, which causes pus-filled blisters and open sores that crust formation. Impetigo is highly contagious and can spread when your child come into contact with another person with impetigo, by touching a contaminated surface, or by moving germs from one part of your child’s own body to another. Ask your child to avoid direct contact with someone having open sore in the skin and practice proper hand washing to prevent impetigo.

Head lice:

Head lice infestation is very common among children, as well as adults. It can spread if there is direct head to head contact. Lice can also spread if comb is shared or by sharing back packs, pillows and beds. When children play together, especially close groups and head touching each other, lice can easily spread from one child to another. Ask your child not to share comb, back pack and to avoid direct head to head contact to minimize lice spread. With this measures it is not possible to totally prevent infestation, but it can certainly reduce risk of infestation.

Streptococcus throat infection:

Streptococcus bacteria causes throat infection (cause sore throat or throat pain, fever, headache, nausea, and vomiting), which can spread by contact with contaminated saliva, either directly or indirectly through droplets in the air. Streptococcal infection need prompt and appropriate antibiotic therapy, because it can affect the heart and brain as complication. Ask your child not to share objects and, importantly, shouldn’t stick them in their mouths, at school. Provide your child has with his or her own pencil box and ask not to share them with anyone, may help reduce the risk.

Otitis media:

This is infection of middle ear and it is common among children. Complications of otitis media include perforation of ear drum and in severe cases deafness. But, intervention at right time prevent such complications. During growing age, ear of children is anatomically such that fluid can be easily trapped inside ear and cause otitis media. Not much can be done for this. However some childhood immunization such as pneumococcal conjugate vaccine. Basic hygiene techniques such as washing hands is also helpful.

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