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How to Get Your Chipped or Broken Teeth Repaired

Cracked and chipped teeth are two major problems anyone can have. If you’ve suffered blows to the mouth or have taken a bad fall, you’ll most likely have broken teeth as a result. But even doing something as simple as chewing a pencil or biting on some ice can expose you to these risks. Additionally, you might also be consuming too much sugary or starchy foods. Alcoholic drinks, sports drinks, and sodas, for instance, are among the beverages that can increase the risk of tooth fractures.

Depending on the injury, you can have fractured cusps or splitting cracks. In some cases, the damaged tooth might even need extraction. But there are ways to save damaged teeth. Let’s take a look at three ways to treat these conditions.

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  1. Crown applications

Crowns are caps that protect fractured teeth. It works by covering the affected areas, embracing the tooth structure, and stopping the cracks from worsening. These can either be made with an all-metal material or porcelain if you want it to look identical to teeth. By having these applied, you get the needed protection when chewing.

The procedure begins with the dentist injecting anaesthetic to help numb the tooth and the gums. Then, a small drill-like dental file is used to shave off a thin layer of the enamel, making space for the crown. In some cases, dentists may need to remove decayed or affected parts of your tooth during the filing process. This is needed to prevent infections from spreading to your gums.

After this is done, a dental impression of your teeth is made. This is a special putty that the patient can bite into in order to form a mould. Doing so ensures that that the replacement will be an accurate fit for your tooth. If you’ve visited your dentist in the past and have existing impressions, these can also be used as a basis for the crown. Temporary ones can be attached in order to protect the tooth while the final cap is being made.

Depending on the patient’s preferences and the dentist’s recommendation, different materials can be used to make the crown. The strongest ones are made of gold, while some use porcelain to match your tooth colour. Once it’s made, the dentist will attach it to the filed-down tooth using dental cement.

  1. Dental bridges

If there are cracks on multiple teeth, these may prove to be untreatable with a conventional crown. In this case, bridges can help replace the affected area, especially if there are missing teeth in between. Depending on your needs, different materials can be used. These include ceramics, plastics or even metal alloys to form it.

Bridges are normally made of crowns at the ends and an artificial tooth in between. But for other cases, there are other variants like the Cantilever and Maryland bridges. The former is for those with adjacent teeth on only one side of the missing tooth, while the latter uses metal or porcelain wings attached to a false tooth.

Much like crowns, anaesthetic is administered to the patient. After this, the abutment teeth are shaped using a dental file to prepare them for the implant. Dental impressions are then used to create the mould and serve as a base for fabricating the bridge. Temporary bridges may also be used to protect the exposed teeth and gums while the actual one is being made. Once completed, the bridge is cemented on.

  1. Veneers

Also known as dental laminates, veneers are thin tooth shells made of ceramic or resins. Unlike crowns which completely cover molars, these are made for covering the front sides of the teeth. If there are also minor blemishes and discolouration on the teeth, veneers can also work.

Since this covers the front, an even thinner portion of the tooth’s enamel is filed off. Though the usual thickness is 0.5mm, the dentist may need to go further if the tooth has signs of decay. Once the filing is done, a dental impression is made to form the veneer.

After completing the shell, the dentist will make adjustments to fit the shell over your tooth. When you and the dentist are both satisfied, the veneer is bonded to the filed-off surface using cement. A curing light can also be used to dry it off.

Porcelain is the usual material for this type of attachment. If you need something sturdier, then the ceramic variants can also work. Unlike the resin types, these may require two or three visits for tooth preparation and fitting.

  1. Root Canal Treatments

There are instances when cracked teeth can extend to the roots. Some cracks might even occur at that area as well. This might also lead to the pulp being infected or inflamed. In these cases, the dentist can root canal therapy to correct this. While severe cases may need tooth extraction, patients may prefer the therapy to restore their teeth instead. After all, natural teeth work better than artificial ones.

This procedure involves cleaning the tooth and sealing it to prevent further infections. To begin, the dentist first injects the anaesthetic into the surrounding tissues to numb the tooth and the gums. A plastic dental dam is then used to isolate the tooth before small drill can open the affected area.

Once a hole is opened, the dentist will then use special tools to extract the infected or inflamed pulp. This is not as painful as it seems thanks to the area being numbed. Thermoplastic materials are then used to seal the hollowed out canal and access hole, preventing further infections. But if the tooth lacks the structure to support the filling, a small post may be installed as a brace. This may either be made of metals or plastics.

Depending on the severity of the case, this procedure could take two to three visits to complete. But doing this prevents further deterioration to the tissues and gums. It also spares patients from having to replace teeth. In some cases, a crown might also be needed to replace the lost structure of the tooth.

These are some of the available procedures that you can take for damaged teeth. This is why it’s important to look for qualified professionals to handle cases like these. At Be Well Dental, we provide a comprehensive portfolio of solutions for your oral health.  Our friendly specialists are more than ready to assist you in finding the right treatments for you. Get in touch with us today to get started with taking care of your oral hygiene.

 

Image courtesy of [artur84] at FreeDigitalPhotos.net

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