Blood Cholesterol Test Results

ID-10069234If your doctor ask you to undergo a complete cholesterol test (lipid profile test or lipid panel test), you should have some idea about the normal and abnormal levels of cholesterol, triglycerides, HDL cholesterol, LDL cholesterol etc. A high cholesterol is indicative of high risk of atherosclerosis (buildup of plaques in your arteries, especially in heart) which narrows the blood vessel lumen and compromise blood supply to vital organs, such as heart, brain etc. Hence, checking complete cholesterol test or lipid profile test is very important. If found high, medications can easily bring down blood cholesterol level (as well as other lipids such as LDL, triglycerides etc.).

The results of blood cholesterol are interpreted in mg/deciliter of mg/dl in most countries including US. In Europe the result interpretations are done in millimoles per liter or mmol/L. there may be slight variation in the standard interpretation of blood cholesterol tests results in different countries as well as in different clinics. However, this variation is minimal and not very significant.

The blood cholesterol test results:

Total cholesterol:

  • Normal or desirable: below 200 mg/dl
  • Borderline high: 200-239 mg/dl
  • High: 240 mg/dl and above

Triglycerides:

  • Normal or desirable: below 150 mg/dl
  • Borderline high: 150-199 mg/dl
  • High: 200-499 mg/dl
  • Very high: 500 mg/dl and above

LDL cholesterol:

  • Best for individuals with heart disease or diabetes: below 70 mg/dl
  • Optimal for individuals with heart disease or diabetes: 70-99mg/dl
  • Optimal for individuals without heart disease: 100-129 mg/dl (high if heart disease present)
  • Borderline high for individuals without heart disease: 130-159 mg/dl (high if heart disease present)
  • High for individuals without heart disease: 160-199 mg/dl (very high for individuals with heart disease)
  • Very high for all individuals: 200 mg/dl or higher

HDL cholesterol:

  • Poor blood level: below 40 mg/dl
  • Good: 40-59 mg/dl
  • Best blood level: 60 mg/dl or higher

If your lipid profile results show any of the component of lipid profile is high (e.g. total cholesterol LDL, triglyceride) you should not be discouraged. There are effective medications to bring them to normal level. Along with medications, you should change your lifestyle too, such as quit smoking if you are a smoker, do regular physical exercise if you lead a sedentary lifestyle, eat healthy diet etc. to get best results from lipid lowering medications. Ask your doctor what is best for you and follow your doctor’s advice sincerely for high cholesterol.

 

Image courtesy of [Stuart Miles] at FreeDigitalPhotos.net

Related Posts

Leave a Comment

Loading...