Electrolysis is a method for hair removal, where individual hair follicles are destroyed using electrolysis device which passes electric current using tiny needle. Nowadays electrolysis devices are available that uses heat or chemical (instead of using electric current) for destroying hair follicles. The tiny needle or fine probe is inserted into individual hair follicle and the hair is pulled out using a tweezers.
Electrolysis is a safe hair removal procedure and it can be used in almost all areas of the body including eyebrows, where most of the hair removal procedures cannot be used. Side effects of electrolysis are minimal and not permanent in nature, if any. Sometimes redness of skin is seen as side effect, which is short lasting.
Unwanted hair growth may be due to hormonal influence or it may be hereditary (e.g. hirsutism). There are also other cause of unwanted excess hair growth such as medications, certain illnesses etc. Hair is essential for skin for various reason, however, if hairs are present in unwanted areas (such as face in women, bikini line in women), they may need to be removed using electrolysis, because it has many advantages over other methods of hair removal.
How many sittings may I need for hair removal with electrolysis?
The exact number of visits/sittings required for satisfactory result is difficult to predict. However, one requires several visits for satisfactory result. There are multiple factors that influence result of hair removal with electrolysis, as is the case with most other methods of hair removal. The total number of sittings required vary from individual to individual and also to a great extent on the operator of the electrolysis device and his/her skill at handling the device. Generally one sitting is arranged every week till satisfactory result is achieved. The best part of using electrolysis for hair removal is that the result of hair removal is usually permanent after treatment is completed. Depending on the size and location of the area to be treated, hair removal with electrolysis requires from 15 minutes to one hour for every sitting/visit. Read more…
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Laser hair removal is commonly used procedure for removing unwanted hairs from various areas of the skin. As it is commonly used procedure and fairly new technique (in use for last three decades only), compare to many other hair removal procedures, many people can have some questions.
- Why and in which part of skin laser hair removal commonly is done?
The main purpose of laser hair removal is to remove unwanted hairs from areas of skin where an individual may not like presence of any hairs or as a fashionable thing. Common locations for laser hair removal are legs, upper lip, chin, bikini line, armpits etc. But laser hair removal technique can be used for removing hairs from any area of the skin, except around eyes, because there is risk of damage/injury to the eyes. It is up to the user from which areas of skin hairs need to be removed.
- What are the possible risks and side effects associated with laser hair removal?
Usually laser hair removal is a safe procedure. However sometimes, some people may experience various risks and side effects after undergoing laser hair removal, such as irritation of skin, changes in pigment of skin etc. Skin irritation after laser hair removal is usually temporary in nature and include swelling, redness and discomfort. Usually skin irritation disappear within a day or two. Pigment changes (there may be lightening or darkening of skin where laser hair removal is used due to changes in the skin pigment) that may occur after laser hair removal is also temporary in nature. These side effects may occur if the operator of the instrument is not skilled. Read more…
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Nutritional status of tuberculosis patient is an important indicator of outcome or prognosis of treatment of tuberculosis. Good and balanced nutrition is very important for good prognosis of tuberculosis patients. Without proper nutrition, administration of antibiotics may not be very useful, hence, management of tuberculosis includes provision of adequate nutrition too. We know, that nutrition plays an important role in tuberculosis, but it is a complex condition and difficult to explain clearly. In absence of adequate nutrition, there may be increased side effects of antibiotics and patients may refuse to continue with treatment.
Following nutritional needs are recommended by experts:
Energy requirement during tuberculosis treatment:
Tuberculosis infection increase need for energy (calorie). Most of the time the patient is under-nourished, which also increase the need for energy. Current recommendation is approximately 35-40 calories (kilo-calories) of per kilo ideal body weight for the age, height and sex of the tuberculosis patient. For example, if a person’s ideal body weight should be 70 kilos, he should consume approximately 2,800 calories a day during treatment of tuberculosis. Additional calories should be added to it, depending on the work done by the patient. If patient is also HIV positive, additional 10% calories need to be added in diet. In presence of AIDS (active HIV), the patient should be provided extra 20%-30% calorie, to be able to maintain body weight.
Protein requirement during tuberculosis treatment:
Tuberculosis increase catabolism in body, which increase protein requirement during tuberculosis treatment, to prevent muscle wasting. The recommendation is to take 1.2 gram to 1.5 grams of protein per kilo body weight (which is approximately 75-100 grams daily) or 15% – 20% of total calorie intake, during tuberculosis treatment. Protein requirement is approximately 0.8 to 1 gram per kilo body weight for normal individuals. Read more…
Waxing is commonly used for hair removal. It has several advantages and disadvantages. As it is commonly used technique, you may have various questions in mind. Here are some frequently asked questions about waxing
How long the effect of waxing last and how frequently waxing is required?
The effect of waxing lasts usually from 3 weeks to 6 weeks. The effect will last longer after using waxing for several years. Hence, waxing may be done every 3-6 weeks. In fact some individuals may get permanent result, i.e. the hairs may not regrow, after using waxing for 10-15 years. But everybody cannot be lucky to get permanent result. Waxing pulls off the hair follicles and hair growth is slow and over time the growth may stop, in some individuals.
What should be the length of hairs for waxing?
The hairs should be at least 1/4th inch for waxing to be useful. Too long hairs are not suitable for waxing. The maximum length of hairs should be not more than ½ inch. Too short hairs do not provide adequate grip for the wax and too long hairs may result in breaking of hairs, which will not serve the purpose of waxing.
Will waxing result in hair to grow back thicker or darker?
Certainly not. Waxing causes hair to grow light in color as well as thinner. During regrowth of hairs, they become thinner after waxing. This is because, waxing pulls off the hair follicles, whereas shaving cuts the hairs at skin surface level or below skin surface, hence, when hairs regrow after shaving they look thicker, because the cut ends are blunt. Read more…
Waxing is a commonly used hair removal procedure. Like any other method of hair removal, waxing also has advantages and disadvantages. Hence, before you decide to use waxing for hair removal, it is important to know advantages as well as disadvantages of waxing and then decide, whether to use waxing for hair removal or not.
Common advantages of waxing for hair removal:
- Waxing is cheap way of hair removal
- Waxing does not take much time for hair removal, and suitable for busy people too
- Effect of waxing can last for 3-6 weeks, which is a great advantage, because you have do waxing (hair removal) less frequently, unlike shaving which you may have to do daily
- Waxing makes skin smooth and glowing
- Regular use of waxing makes the hair lighter, hair shafts become thinner, unlike shaving, which cut the hair and the growing end is thick and hair looks thicker as a result
- Regular use of waxing can damage hair follicles and may leave permanent hair free skin after waxing for several years
- You can do waxing at home easily, without need of expert supervision
- Waxing can be used for large areas for hair removal, at short time
- If used properly, waxing does not cause irritation, redness or itching
- Waxing leaves healthy and glowing skin, because it also exfoliates the skin, which makes skin shiny and glowing
- Waxing can be done in all areas of skin
Growth of hairs in unwanted areas of skin is a common problem among men and women. There are several ways of hair removal and each hair removal method has its advantages and disadvantages. It is up to the user to select the hair removal method after learning about various hair removal techniques and their advantages and disadvantages. Some hair removal technique may be suitable for hair removal ate some particular areas of skin, over other commonly used hair removal methods.
Laser hair removal is commonly used hair removal technique. In laser hair removal, pulses of laser light is used to destroy hair follicles. Destroying hair follicles by pulsed laser light gives a longer lasting hair free skin. Laser hair removal is being used since 1990s and gaining popularity over time. Most dermatologists approves the effectiveness of pulsed laser for hair removal and recommended by many dermatologists.
How laser hair removal actually act in removing hair?
The principle used in laser hair removal is called selective photothermolysis. In this principle there is matching of pulse duration and specific wavelength of light for optimal effect on the targeted tissue (i.e. hair follicles in this case) and minimal effect on the surrounding tissues. On the skin laser can cause localized damage by selectively heating dark objects (melanin pigment in case of skin and hair follicles), but sparing heating light objects and thereby does little if any heating and damage to surrounding tissues in skin. The target tissues (i.e. hair follicles) can be made dark by use of chromophore for better and precise targeting. Chromophore also occur naturally in hair follicles (melanin is a natural chromophore), hence can be easily targeted by laser light. Read more…