Nutritional status of tuberculosis patient is an important indicator of outcome or prognosis of treatment of tuberculosis. Good and balanced nutrition is very important for good prognosis of tuberculosis patients. Without proper nutrition, administration of antibiotics may not be very useful, hence, management of tuberculosis includes provision of adequate nutrition too. We know, that nutrition plays an important role in tuberculosis, but it is a complex condition and difficult to explain clearly. In absence of adequate nutrition, there may be increased side effects of antibiotics and patients may refuse to continue with treatment.
Following nutritional needs are recommended by experts:
Energy requirement during tuberculosis treatment:
Tuberculosis infection increase need for energy (calorie). Most of the time the patient is under-nourished, which also increase the need for energy. Current recommendation is approximately 35-40 calories (kilo-calories) of per kilo ideal body weight for the age, height and sex of the tuberculosis patient. For example, if a person’s ideal body weight should be 70 kilos, he should consume approximately 2,800 calories a day during treatment of tuberculosis. Additional calories should be added to it, depending on the work done by the patient. If patient is also HIV positive, additional 10% calories need to be added in diet. In presence of AIDS (active HIV), the patient should be provided extra 20%-30% calorie, to be able to maintain body weight.
Protein requirement during tuberculosis treatment:
Tuberculosis increase catabolism in body, which increase protein requirement during tuberculosis treatment, to prevent muscle wasting. The recommendation is to take 1.2 gram to 1.5 grams of protein per kilo body weight (which is approximately 75-100 grams daily) or 15% – 20% of total calorie intake, during tuberculosis treatment. Protein requirement is approximately 0.8 to 1 gram per kilo body weight for normal individuals. Read more…
Waxing is commonly used for hair removal. It has several advantages and disadvantages. As it is commonly used technique, you may have various questions in mind. Here are some frequently asked questions about waxing
How long the effect of waxing last and how frequently waxing is required?
The effect of waxing lasts usually from 3 weeks to 6 weeks. The effect will last longer after using waxing for several years. Hence, waxing may be done every 3-6 weeks. In fact some individuals may get permanent result, i.e. the hairs may not regrow, after using waxing for 10-15 years. But everybody cannot be lucky to get permanent result. Waxing pulls off the hair follicles and hair growth is slow and over time the growth may stop, in some individuals.
What should be the length of hairs for waxing?
The hairs should be at least 1/4th inch for waxing to be useful. Too long hairs are not suitable for waxing. The maximum length of hairs should be not more than ½ inch. Too short hairs do not provide adequate grip for the wax and too long hairs may result in breaking of hairs, which will not serve the purpose of waxing.
Will waxing result in hair to grow back thicker or darker?
Certainly not. Waxing causes hair to grow light in color as well as thinner. During regrowth of hairs, they become thinner after waxing. This is because, waxing pulls off the hair follicles, whereas shaving cuts the hairs at skin surface level or below skin surface, hence, when hairs regrow after shaving they look thicker, because the cut ends are blunt. Read more…
Waxing is a commonly used hair removal procedure. Like any other method of hair removal, waxing also has advantages and disadvantages. Hence, before you decide to use waxing for hair removal, it is important to know advantages as well as disadvantages of waxing and then decide, whether to use waxing for hair removal or not.
Common advantages of waxing for hair removal:
- Waxing is cheap way of hair removal
- Waxing does not take much time for hair removal, and suitable for busy people too
- Effect of waxing can last for 3-6 weeks, which is a great advantage, because you have do waxing (hair removal) less frequently, unlike shaving which you may have to do daily
- Waxing makes skin smooth and glowing
- Regular use of waxing makes the hair lighter, hair shafts become thinner, unlike shaving, which cut the hair and the growing end is thick and hair looks thicker as a result
- Regular use of waxing can damage hair follicles and may leave permanent hair free skin after waxing for several years
- You can do waxing at home easily, without need of expert supervision
- Waxing can be used for large areas for hair removal, at short time
- If used properly, waxing does not cause irritation, redness or itching
- Waxing leaves healthy and glowing skin, because it also exfoliates the skin, which makes skin shiny and glowing
- Waxing can be done in all areas of skin
Growth of hairs in unwanted areas of skin is a common problem among men and women. There are several ways of hair removal and each hair removal method has its advantages and disadvantages. It is up to the user to select the hair removal method after learning about various hair removal techniques and their advantages and disadvantages. Some hair removal technique may be suitable for hair removal ate some particular areas of skin, over other commonly used hair removal methods.
Laser hair removal is commonly used hair removal technique. In laser hair removal, pulses of laser light is used to destroy hair follicles. Destroying hair follicles by pulsed laser light gives a longer lasting hair free skin. Laser hair removal is being used since 1990s and gaining popularity over time. Most dermatologists approves the effectiveness of pulsed laser for hair removal and recommended by many dermatologists.
How laser hair removal actually act in removing hair?
The principle used in laser hair removal is called selective photothermolysis. In this principle there is matching of pulse duration and specific wavelength of light for optimal effect on the targeted tissue (i.e. hair follicles in this case) and minimal effect on the surrounding tissues. On the skin laser can cause localized damage by selectively heating dark objects (melanin pigment in case of skin and hair follicles), but sparing heating light objects and thereby does little if any heating and damage to surrounding tissues in skin. The target tissues (i.e. hair follicles) can be made dark by use of chromophore for better and precise targeting. Chromophore also occur naturally in hair follicles (melanin is a natural chromophore), hence can be easily targeted by laser light. Read more…
Men are more wary of visiting the doctor for checkups, even when they are already suffering from an ailment. Men are also less observant of their bodies than women, thus, ailments, unless patent, are not given attention until it’s too late. They may be more curious if the question is how to improve male fertility but when it comes to their health, they are fairly reluctant of doing something about it. However, there are a number of health checks that men should get regularly to ensure their health. Here are some annual medical checks especially for men:
Blood Pressure Check Up
Annual blood pressure checks will help your doctor achieve a baseline by which to base your blood pressure. It can adversely affect and complicate any medical ailment you might already have so your doctor will need this information for any future diagnosis. Also, your blood pressure will go up as you get older. High blood pressure is a risk factor for several medical diseases including kidney disease, heart attack, stroke, and heart failure.
An annual cholesterol level test is necessary to monitor the cholesterol level in your blood. High cholesterol level is a risk factor for heart attack and heart diseases. Cholesterol level is affected by lifestyle choices including the food you eat, your exercise regimen, and other factors. Once you get to a certain age, it is best to get your cholesterol level checked up annually or more often.
This is one of the tests that men are most reluctant to take. A prostate check is performed by inserting a gloved finger in the rectum to check for any enlargement in the prostate, which is mostly benign but can also be cancerous. Prostate cancer is one of the leading causes of death in men as it cannot be detected until its latest stages, unless a prostate exam is performed regularly. If you are still wary, you may ask your health care provider whether a PSA test or Prostate specific antigen test can be performed to detect prostate cancer. However, there are still some controversies as to the validity of this exam. Read more…
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Most people think that being healthy requires a monumental lifestyle change, like going vegetarian or enrolling in the gym for daily workouts. Little did they know, all they need are a few slight changes to their habits and they’re already on the road to a healthier life. Here are five simple lifestyle changes that anyone can do.
- Go electronic
Smoking remains to be one of the leading causes of several serious diseases including lung cancer, lung disease, and throat cancers. Even so, a large part of the population still smokes, and younger and younger people are starting to smoke. It is still the leading addictive behavior in the whole world. Stopping cold turkey is considered a non-choice among people who are wishing to stop. There are other options to stop including nicotine patches, hypnotherapy, and other therapies. However, yet another option are e-cigs. Electronic cigarettes or E-cigs have taken the world by storm. Using this, smokers can wean themselves off nicotine without stopping the habit itself. E-cigs also offer a variety of flavors through e liquid. Some flavors include chocolate, mint, and raspberry, among others.
- Drink up
Drink a whole lot of water, even more than what the ubiquitous saying suggests—8 glasses a day. Experts recommend drinking more than 2 liters of water a day. This can flush out toxins and ensures the orderly functioning of the kidneys and the digestive system. To encourage drinking water, infuse a variety of fruits on different containers. A slice of lemon instantly freshens up a pitcher of water, while cucumber has a cooling effect. Not only that, lemon water provides some weight loss effect as it stimulates regular bowel movement. Infuse some cubes of watermelon or melon for a sweet hint on your flavored water. Read more…
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