One of the biggest factors that go into having a great physical appearance is a pleasant and pleasing face. Over the years, your face may begin to undergo some changes that may not sit well with you. No one wants to appear like they are aging, which is why you will need to find the right skin treatments to help. For most people, going under the knife to fix their face is not an option, which is why they go out in search of non-invasive ways to do the job. Here are some of the different procedures you can have to smooth out your wrinkles and even lighten your skin.
Taking Advantage of Botox
One of the most popular methods out there in the world of facial rejuvenation is Botox. This substance can be injected into your face where your wrinkles are and smooth them out. You need to make sure you take your time and choose the right professional to administer these treatments. The more experience a particular doctor has, the easier you will find it to get the results you are looking for from this type of treatment to your face.
Chemical Peels Can Be Helpful
The next treatment you need to look into when trying to get your face back to normal is a chemical peel. These peels will help to remove the wrinkles and can give you face a revitalized look. While these peels are helpful, you will also be in some discomfort when having them. Make sure you do some research before getting into this process due to the things which may throw you for a loop. By doing the right amount of research on the process, you will be able to prepare yourself for what is to come.
When trying to keep your face looking its best, you need to think about going to your local spa and getting a facial done. There are a number of different facials out there and by doing some research you will be able to find the right one. Be sure to connect with the professionals at the spa so you can get some ideas on what will work the best for the needs you have. By taking your time and doing some research you will be able to get the right treatment to help being your face back to life and looking great.
Consulting with a skin care professional in your area is a great way to get the advice you need regarding the best treatments for your needs.
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Chemical peel is done on skin, to re-surface the skin using a chemical solution to remove top layers of skin. After doing chemical peel on skin it regrows back that is smoother and younger looking. Chemical peel is done to remove skin wrinkles, scars, skin color and mainly done on facial skin. Chemical peel cannot remove deep scar or it cannot reduce size of pores of skin. The procedure can be used alone or along with other cosmetic procedures.
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Depending on the result one desires chemical peel can be light (or superficial), medium or deep. Different chemical is used for different types of chemical peel. In general deep chemical peel provide better result, however the recovery time for deep chemical peel is also much longer than light or medium peel. Depending on your problem your doctor may recommend you any of these three types of chemical peeling for you.
Why chemical peel is done?
It is done for treating various skin problems. Light, medium or deep chemical peel is done for different skin problems, depending on the need for the problem,
- Light chemical peel: a superficial or light chemical peel is done to remove the outer layer of skin, i.e. epidermis, which is actually layers of dead skin cells. Commonly superficial chemical peel is done for treating pimples, fine wrinkles, dryness of skin, uneven skin tone etc. mainly in face. Generally light chemical peel is done once a week for up to six weeks according to need and desire of person using the procedure.
- Medium chemical peel: this type of peel removes epidermis and also upper layer of dermis. Medium chemical peel is done for removing acne scar, wrinkles and uneven skin tone. One may need to do medium chemical peel once a year (every 12 months) to maintain the best result.
- Deep chemical peel: this procedure removes epidermis and also mid layer to lower layer of dermis. Deep chemical peeling may be recommended when you have precancerous skin growth, deep wrinkles or scar tissue. As the procedure removes layers (mid to lower layers) of dermis, the recovery time is longer.
There are certain risks and side effects of chemical peel. Hence, think properly before deciding to use chemical peel for your facial skin problems such as wrinkles, acne, acne scars, uneven skin tone etc. and consult your doctor about the alternatives available for your problem.
Blood transfusion is required for surgery, for treatment of various diseases affecting blood formation, as well as for treatment of severe anemia. Blood components are transfused for patients of hemophilia. Blood is also required in accidents (road traffic accidents) where it is needed urgently.
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Following are various types of blood donation:
- Whole blood: this is the most common type of blood donation, especially in developing countries. In this, a unit of whole blood is collected from a voluntary donor. The blood is then separated into plasma, red cells, and platelets.
- Platelets: platelets are collected using apheresis and it can be done alone or may be done along with plasma at the same time. Donor is hooked to a machine and only platelets are collected along with some plasma and rest of blood returned to the donor.
- Plasma: in this case only plasma is collected using a special process called apheresis.
- Red cells: in this case only red cells are collected using apheresis. Red cells are usually required to treat patients with severe anemia, who need to increase hemoglobin count urgently.
Is blood donation risky? What are the possible risks associated with blood donation?
This is a common question asked by many prospective blood donors. Blood donation is very safe, if all safety precautions are followed. New, sterile and disposable equipment should be used to prevent risk of blood borne disease to the donor. A normal healthy adult can donate approximately 20% of total blood volume. A healthy adult have more than 5 liters of blood and theoretically can donate up to one liter of blood at a given time. However, to be on safer side usually only one unit of blood (approximately 500 ml) is usually accepted for donation from an adult at a time. Your body replaces the blood volume within 24 hours of donation, however it takes several weeks to replace red blood cells. A healthy adult can donate one unit of blood every three to four months without causing any harm to his/her health.
If you are apprehensive about blood donation and think it is risky, you got it wrong. Blood donation is very safe when all aseptic precautions are used and which are used for sure. There is no risk involve in blood donation. Hence, do not hesitate and go and donate blood and do a good humanitarian work and feel happiness in heart.
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Radical prostatectomy refers to a surgery that completely removes the prostate gland and the tissues surrounding it. This procedure is done as a primary treatment for early stage prostate cancer.
Types of radical prostatectomy
This procedure allows the removal of the prostate and lymph nodes by way of an incision in the lower abdomen. Retropubic radical prostatectomy allows for a nerve-sparing approach where the surgeon can preserve one or both of the nerve bundles needed for unassisted erection.
This recently developed procedure is done using the assistance of a viewing instrument called laparoscope. The surgeon makes several small (less than 1.0 cm) incisions in the belly, one of which will be the entry point of the laparoscope. In addition to a laparoscope, this procedure can also be done with robotic assistance. The robotic arm, which is inserted in one of the belly incisions, translates the surgeon’s hand motions into finer movements with better precision.
The incision for this type of radical prostatectomy is done in the perineum, the skin between the anus and the scrotum. This procedure does not allow the removal of lymph nodes. If the nodes have to be removed, another incision must be made in the abdomen. Like retropubic and laparoscopic surgeries, perineal surgery also allows nerve sparing.
Before the surgery
Before the surgery, tests are performed to determine the extent of the prostate cancer and decide which surgery type is best used for each case. These tests include blood tests, transrectal ultrasound, and a prostate biopsy. About a week before the patient undergoes surgery, he will be briefed on the various types of anesthesia. The patient can also choose to donate 1 to 2 units of blood that can be used during the surgery.
A day before the operation, the patient must begin preparing his bowels, a common procedure for any type of major abdominal surgery. This can be done by going on a clear liquid diet and taking medication to promote bowel movement.
During the surgery
There may be 2 major activities during a radical prostatectomy. The first, lymph node dissection, refers to the removal of the lymph nodes close to the prostate. This is done only if the cancer has spread to the nodes. Not all radical prostatectomy surgeries require the dissection of the lymph nodes.
The other is radical prostatectomy itself. This involves the removal of the prostate and seminal vesicles. Once these parts are removed, the bladder is reattached to the urethra. To let the bladder heal, a catheter will serve as the exit point of urine for the next few days following the surgery. Radical prostatectomy is said to be nerve sparing if the procedure leaves 1 or both neurovascular bundles on either side of the prostate intact. These bundles allow the penis to become erect. Sparing them preserves complete sexual function in some men.
After the surgery
The patient has to stay in the hospital for 2 to 3 days after the surgery. The patient will be sent home with a catheter to drain urine while the bladder heals. The catheter will be removed approximately 2 weeks after the patient is allowed to go home.
If you are allergic to one or more substances you may consider taking allergy shots. Consult your doctor if you can benefit from allergy shots and go ahead if you get positive response. You should consider allergy shots, if
- It is not possible to avoid allergen (such as house dust, pollen etc.) and if your allergy symptoms cannot be controlled satisfactorily with commonly used allergy medications.
- If allergy medications react with other medications you must take (such as medications for hypertension, diabetes and other chronic illnesses) or they cause serious side effects.
- If you want to stop using allergy medications for long duration you can consider getting allergy shots.
- If you have allergy to insect sting.
Commonly allergy shots are used for controlling symptoms due to,
- Indoor allergens such as house dust, dust mites, pet dander, mold etc. which is not possible to avoid and you may have symptoms round the year.
- Seasonal allergy such as hay fever, seasonal asthma, allergy to pollen etc. commonly need allergy shots for effective long duration and satisfactory control of allergy symptoms.
- Allergic reaction to insect stings such as bees, wasps, hornet etc. should be treated with allergy shots.
What to expect from allergy shots?
Allergy shots take time for showing effectiveness. It may take 2 to 3 years or more for satisfactory results. Symptoms of allergy start improving within one year of starting treatment (allergy shots). However for significant improvement it takes more than one year. Within 2-3 years of starting allergy shots, most individuals are desensitized, and usually do not need any more allergy shots after stopping the shots. However, some individuals may require to keep taking allergy shots to keep allergy symptoms under control.
Allergy shots are given in upper arm (deltoid region). Allergy shots are given in two phases,
- The initial phase is known as build up phase and for three to six months. During build up phase shots are given one to three times a week and the dose of allergen is increase gradually in each shot.
- Maintenance phase usually continues for three to five years (or more for some individuals) after build up phase. During maintenance phase allergy shots are typically given once a month. Majority of people can stop taking allergy shots after five years of maintenance phase, as they become desensitized to allergens and can get exposed to these allergens without causing any symptoms. Some individuals with allergy may require to continue maintenance phase even after five years, because allergy symptoms appear after stopping the shots.
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Allergy shots are taken to stop or reduce allergy attacks, especially for those people who suffer from frequent allergy attacks. Allergy shots (injections) are taken at regular interval for few years (3 to 5 years). Allergy shots are only long term solution for allergy (other allergy treatment modalities such as use of antihistamines, steroids etc. provide only temporary relief) problems and it is a type immune therapy. Each allergy shot/injection contain minute quantity of allergen (that cause/trigger allergic reaction in you) and the quantity of allergen in each allergy shot is just enough to initiate an immune reaction but cannot cause full blown allergic reaction.
The dose of allergen is gradually increased over time in each subsequent shots at particular/fixed interval. This gradual increase in allergen in allergy shots helps to desensitize (get used to the allergen) your body against the allergen. This procedure takes time and over few years’ time your body become immune to the effect of allergen and symptoms of allergy diminish when exposed to natural allergen.
What are the possible side effects/reactions of allergy shots?
Majority of individuals taking allergy shots for treating allergy problem usually do not show any reaction or side effects. However, as the allergy shots contain the allergen, it may lead to certain side effects, such as
- Anaphylaxis: this is the most serious side effect that may occur while taking allergy shots. Anaphylaxis is hypersensitivity reaction and need minute quantity of a substance to produce it. Hence, the minute quantity of allergen present in allergy shot may lead to anaphylaxis, especially during the first allergy shot. Anaphylaxis is a life threatening medical emergency condition and may develop immediately after injection of allergy shot or may be up to 30 minutes late. This is the reason your doctor may ask you to remain at least for 30 minutes after giving you the allergy shot. And this is the reason allergy shot should always be taken in doctor’s office or hospital, where medicines are available to handle the emergency situation.
- Local reaction at injection site is another problem that may appear after allergy shot. Redness, swelling, irritation at injection site may occur. The reaction may take few hours to appear and disappear on its own thereafter. No specific treatment is generally required for local reactions.
- Systemic reaction (less common) can occur and are generally more serious. Symptoms of systemic reaction include, hives, sneezing, nasal congestion etc. Serious symptoms include chest discomfort, wheezing, swelling in throat etc. Systemic reaction to allergy shot require medical attention.
Be regular in taking your allergy shots to reduce risk of side effects. Taking antihistamines also help. Most side effects/reactions occur within 30 minutes of injection and generally your doctor ask you to wait for 30 minutes after allergy shot. If you develop reaction after leaving doctor’s office return to your doctor’s office or to nearby emergency medical setup.
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