Gout is a painful inflammatory condition, which affect joints (mainly smaller joints of hands and legs). Painful condition is due to deposition of sharp uric acid crystals in the joint space, which are known as “tophy”. Big toes are the most common site for gout, although it may affect any joint. Acute attacks or flare ups can last for days (sometimes even months, if not treated). Gout occurs when there is high uric acid level in blood (hyperuricemia), however all individuals with high uric acid do not suffer from gout. Foods high in purine content increase risk of hyperuricemia, because uric acid is the end product of purine metabolism. Hence, avoid foods with high purine content. What you eat can play an important role in gout. Hence, it is important to know what foods to avoid, if you are prone to flare ups of gout.
Red meat is not good for not only heart health, but also in case of gout. Red meat contain high purine and should be avoided by patients of gout and hyperuricemia. Eating lots of red meat regularly can increase uric acid content in blood and lead to gout.
Beer and alcohol:
If you have gout, beer can harm you doubly. Beer increases uric acid level in blood and it also reduce uric acid excretion by kidneys, which can lead to dangerously high uric acid level in blood and increase risk of gout flare ups by many folds. Other forms of alcohol may be better than beer, but alcohol can still increase uric acid level in blood in gout patient. Hence all types of alcohol need to be avoided in gout.
Herring and other sea foods:
Sea foods in general are not good in gout, as they are rich in purine content. They are okay once in a while, but regular consumption should be avoided. Herring, tuna, salmon, scallops etc. should be avoided in gout. Read more…
Hypertension or high blood pressure is a common health problem among adults, especially obese and overweight adults. Hypertension is affecting people in developed as well as developing nations. Many reasons such as lifestyle, eating habits, unhealthy lifestyle etc. are responsible for its increase in prevalence and incidence. If you visit your doctor, you may be prescribed medications to lower your high blood pressure along with advice on exercise, eating habits and other unhealthy habits. If you have mild to moderate hypertension or if you are in pre-hypertension (systolic blood pressure of 121-139 mm of Hg and diastolic pressure of 81-89 mm of Hg is considered pre- hypertension stage) stage, it is best to try to lower blood pressure using simple methods, some of which are given here:
Reduce salt intake:
This is one of the most important measure you need to take to reduce high blood pressure. Intake of common salt (sodium chloride) should be minimized. Dietary guidelines on hypertension recommends that the salt intake should be ideally lower than 1.5 grams (or 1500 mg) a day (which account for 600 mg of sodium or lower). The problem with this recommendation is practical and even a layman understand that it is very difficult to stick to consumption of salt to less than 1.5 grams a day. Hence, your aim should be as low as possible and as close to 1.5 grams salt a day as possible. To make this possible it is important to know which foods contain more salt, such as processed foods, preserved foods (sometimes salt is used as preservative). So, eat natural foods. Low salt intake helps blood pressure medications work well. Read more…
If you are diabetic you may need insulin. If you have type 1 diabetes, insulin is must, because your body (pancreas) cannot produce insulin. If you have type 2 diabetes, you also may require insulin in some situations such as uncontrolled blood sugar with oral medications (known as oral hypoglycemic drugs), in case of infection, trauma or during pregnancy (because oral medications may have adverse effects on the growing fetus) and some other situations.
Many diabetic patients fear need to take daily insulin injections. The apprehension is because of lack of confidence and knowledge about insulin administration. Lot many new things are happening with insulin, although the drug (insulin) is nearly a century old. New methods of administration, new type of insulin with varying (short acting, intermediate acting and long acting) duration of action. Some ways to administer insulin include:
Common insulin needle and syringe:
This is the most common and oldest form of insulin administration, although there are many other ways of insulin administration. Insulin cannot be given orally, because gastric and intestinal juices destroy it before absorption. Special insulin syringes are available, which have very fine needle. A required quantity of insulin is drawn in the insulin syringe and injected into subcutaneous tissue/fat, especially in abdomen or front of thighs. No sterilization or cleaning of the injection site is required. Just draw the insulin and inject.
If you are diabetic, you may have poor vision, because diabetes affect eyes and one of the leading cause of blindness and poor vision. If you have poor vision, needle magnifier with needle guide can help you draw correct dose from vial, administer correct dose of insulin at the right site and at correct angle. Read more…
If you are diabetic, it is very important to monitor blood glucose level regularly and maintain blood glucose level within normal limit as much as possible, by adjusting the dose of diabetes medication. Adjustment of diabetic medication can be done by SMBG (self-monitoring of blood glucose). SMBG has to be done frequently and sometimes several times a day. Which involve pricking of finger every time you check blood glucose using glucometer. For some people, pricking finger for blood glucose monitoring is painful, although they get used to it. But some complains of no pain at all. If you have to use SMBG and you feel pain every time you check your blood glucose level using glucometer, following tips may help you reduce pain while monitoring blood glucose at home on your own.
Do not use spirit to sterilize your finger:
Every time you use glucometer to check blood glucose level, you may be using spirit to sterilize (actually disinfect) your finger. Use of spirit (which is 70%-90% alcohol) may dry up your skin and cause more pain due to cracking of skin. What spirit does is actually clean the area of germs or other debris. Use warm water instead to clean your finger before pricking it.
Use different finger every time you use glucometer:
It is not wise to use same finger more than once a day for blood glucose testing. Make your own pattern to use different finger every time and also which is easier to remember. For example, use left fingers first from index finger to ring finger or vice-versa and then use right fingers. This will help prevent use of same finger on same day. Never use a sore finger for glucose testing, till it heals completely.
Avoid using fingertips:
Finger tips are more sensitive than other parts of the finger, because fingertips contain more nerve endings and hence, prick at fingertips can be more painful. Instead, use sides or other suitable parts of finger. Use no pressure of minimum pressure required to get enough blood for testing. Pressure while pricking may increase pain. Read more…
If you had an extra drink during party or if you overindulge in drinks, you may get hangover the next day. There are some simple remedies for hangover, which you can easily use to feel better. Simple way to prevent hangover is to have alternating non-alcoholic drinks, which will keep you hydrated and also allow lesser alcohol ingestion. Sometime traditional hangover remedies may not work and you may end up worsening your hangover. Try the following simple hangover remedies:
Have oily breakfast:
There is no scientific evidence that greasy/oily food can cure hangover (in fact oily foods may worsen your heartburn, especially if you are regular sufferer of heartburn), but may individuals will swear by its effectiveness in curing hangover. Why not try your breakfast with eggs, bacon and other oily foods. In hangover, remaining hydrated is important.
Sleep over your hangover:
After drinking a lot of alcohol, sleep may be disturb. Although people tend to sleep after taking alcohol, it may wake you up when the effect slowly wears off. Less sleep can worsen hangover symptoms, hence you need to sleep well after alcoholic drinks, although sleep may not cure hangover. Unfortunately you may not have time to sleep the next day, because you may have to get ready for your office. However, if you have luxury of sleep the next day, no harm in sleeping the next day. This is the reason why people drink on Saturday night (so that they can sleep on Sunday, which is a holiday) and develop what is known as “Saturday night paralysis”. Read more…
“It is normal for everybody to start your new year with resolutions, and the most common resolution is to lead a healthier lifestyle. In most of the cases our entire life is structured around planning workouts and going to gym. Most of the time we don’t realize we have to take care of what we are eating. If we are getting proper nutrition or our food is ruining everything we are trying to achieve. Making it a habit to include fruits in our daily diet can do wonders for us.
It is better to get the nutrition from the fruits rather than taking supplements for the same. Adding fruits to your daily diet has a lot of benefits; it reduces risk of certain chronic diseases. Fruits are also good source of certain nutrients vital for health and maintenance of body. Fruits are low in salts, calories, fat and are source of essential nutrients like vitamin C, potassium, fiber, and folic acid. Fruit such as bananas, prunes, apricots and dried peaches, honeydew melon, coconut water and orange juice are good sources of potassium.
Dietary fiber from fruits helps to reduce blood cholesterol and lower risk of heart disease. Fiber is crucial for proper bowel function as it helps to reduce constipation and diseases of colon. Fiber-containing foods such as fruits help provide a feeling of fullness with fewer calories. Fruits are very good source of dietary fiber as compared to fruit juices that contain very no or very little fiber. Vitamin C is very important for repair of skin, growth of body tissues and also helps in healing of cuts and wounds. Read more…