Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder/syndrome, which is reaching to epidemic proportion in many regions, especially in urban areas. However, it is not very difficult to control diabetes with lifestyle modification (more physical activity and exercise), proper diet and little appropriate medication, in majority of diabetes patients. Diet and physical activity plays an important role in management of diabetes. There are also many home remedies available for management of diabetes. Many people may claim about various home remedies for diabetes, however all may not be effective as they are claimed. Some home remedies that actually work are:
Basil (or Tulsi, as it is known in India) leaves have high concentration of antioxidants (which fight free radicals) and essential oils (eugenol, methyl eugenol and caryophyllene) and these compounds act on beta cells of pancreas (which produce insulin) and also increase sensitivity of insulin, so that it can function better.
To get benefit of basil leaves (Tulsi), take 3-4 lease or a teaspoonful of juice from leaves on empty stomach. This will help lower your blood sugar.
Recently there has been lot of focus and research on drumstick leaves, about its ability to boost energy, because they are rich in protein and many other nutrients. Juice of drumstick leaves help in slowing down digestion and breakdown of food in intestine and control blood sugar.
Take some leaves and make juice. Drink 1/4th cup of drumstick leave juice daily on empty stomach and see the effect yourself on your blood sugar level. Read more…
Human papilloma virus (HPV) is a common viral infection that gets transmitted sexually. It occurs commonly in adults. There are many different types of HPV cases found. People around the world often search the internet to find answers to their common questions related to HPV. Some of those frequently asked questions have been shortlisted and discussed below for the benefit of people:
- Does HPV cause cancer?
HPV can cause cancer. It is responsible for causing cervical cancer in women. It can also cause cancer of vulva, vagina and penis as well as oral cancer. Though it might take years to develop cancer after a person gets infected with HPV. It is not possible to detect which people who have HPV can develop cancer. People having weak immune system are likely to develop more complications.
- Will having HPV affect my pregnancy?
Pregnant women can get genital warts or develop abnormal cell changes on cervix. It is best to go for routine cervical cancer screening during pregnancy.
- Can a person get HPV without sexual intercourse?
Yes, it is possible to get HPV without sexual intercourse. Direct skin to skin contact with the genital area of the infected person can also lead to transfer of virus from an infected person to a healthy person.
- Is there a test to detect HPV?
A test may be done to detect HPV. The test is done to detect the high risk HPV strains. This test is not widely available. Doctors do not recommend a test for HPV because people remain asymptomatic for a longer period of time even if they are infected with HPV. Read more…
Menorrhagia is defined as prolonged or excessive menstruation that occurs at regular times each month with a blood loss of more than 80 ml per menstrual period, and may prolong the bleeding for more than 7 days.
The causes of menorrhagia include uterine fibroids, polyps, trauma, infection, hormonal disorders, and other illness like cancer. The term Dysfunctional uterine bleeding (DUB) is defined as excessive uterine bleeding that occurs in the absence of any underlying medical cause or any abnormality. DUB can be with or without ovulation.
Signs and Symptoms
The most common sign of menorrhagia is soaking of more than one sanitary pads every hour. Other symptoms are as follows –
- Bleeding for a week or longer
- Need to use extra sanitary protection to control the menstrual flow
- Need to wake up at night to change the sanitary protection
- Passing large blood clots
- Restrict daily activities due to heavy flow
- Tiredness, fatigue and short of breath
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Gout is a painful inflammatory condition, which affect joints (mainly smaller joints of hands and legs). Painful condition is due to deposition of sharp uric acid crystals in the joint space, which are known as “tophy”. Big toes are the most common site for gout, although it may affect any joint. Acute attacks or flare ups can last for days (sometimes even months, if not treated). Gout occurs when there is high uric acid level in blood (hyperuricemia), however all individuals with high uric acid do not suffer from gout. Foods high in purine content increase risk of hyperuricemia, because uric acid is the end product of purine metabolism. Hence, avoid foods with high purine content. What you eat can play an important role in gout. Hence, it is important to know what foods to avoid, if you are prone to flare ups of gout.
Red meat is not good for not only heart health, but also in case of gout. Red meat contain high purine and should be avoided by patients of gout and hyperuricemia. Eating lots of red meat regularly can increase uric acid content in blood and lead to gout.
Beer and alcohol:
If you have gout, beer can harm you doubly. Beer increases uric acid level in blood and it also reduce uric acid excretion by kidneys, which can lead to dangerously high uric acid level in blood and increase risk of gout flare ups by many folds. Other forms of alcohol may be better than beer, but alcohol can still increase uric acid level in blood in gout patient. Hence all types of alcohol need to be avoided in gout.
Herring and other sea foods:
Sea foods in general are not good in gout, as they are rich in purine content. They are okay once in a while, but regular consumption should be avoided. Herring, tuna, salmon, scallops etc. should be avoided in gout. Read more…
Hypertension or high blood pressure is a common health problem among adults, especially obese and overweight adults. Hypertension is affecting people in developed as well as developing nations. Many reasons such as lifestyle, eating habits, unhealthy lifestyle etc. are responsible for its increase in prevalence and incidence. If you visit your doctor, you may be prescribed medications to lower your high blood pressure along with advice on exercise, eating habits and other unhealthy habits. If you have mild to moderate hypertension or if you are in pre-hypertension (systolic blood pressure of 121-139 mm of Hg and diastolic pressure of 81-89 mm of Hg is considered pre- hypertension stage) stage, it is best to try to lower blood pressure using simple methods, some of which are given here:
Reduce salt intake:
This is one of the most important measure you need to take to reduce high blood pressure. Intake of common salt (sodium chloride) should be minimized. Dietary guidelines on hypertension recommends that the salt intake should be ideally lower than 1.5 grams (or 1500 mg) a day (which account for 600 mg of sodium or lower). The problem with this recommendation is practical and even a layman understand that it is very difficult to stick to consumption of salt to less than 1.5 grams a day. Hence, your aim should be as low as possible and as close to 1.5 grams salt a day as possible. To make this possible it is important to know which foods contain more salt, such as processed foods, preserved foods (sometimes salt is used as preservative). So, eat natural foods. Low salt intake helps blood pressure medications work well. Read more…
If you are diabetic you may need insulin. If you have type 1 diabetes, insulin is must, because your body (pancreas) cannot produce insulin. If you have type 2 diabetes, you also may require insulin in some situations such as uncontrolled blood sugar with oral medications (known as oral hypoglycemic drugs), in case of infection, trauma or during pregnancy (because oral medications may have adverse effects on the growing fetus) and some other situations.
Many diabetic patients fear need to take daily insulin injections. The apprehension is because of lack of confidence and knowledge about insulin administration. Lot many new things are happening with insulin, although the drug (insulin) is nearly a century old. New methods of administration, new type of insulin with varying (short acting, intermediate acting and long acting) duration of action. Some ways to administer insulin include:
Common insulin needle and syringe:
This is the most common and oldest form of insulin administration, although there are many other ways of insulin administration. Insulin cannot be given orally, because gastric and intestinal juices destroy it before absorption. Special insulin syringes are available, which have very fine needle. A required quantity of insulin is drawn in the insulin syringe and injected into subcutaneous tissue/fat, especially in abdomen or front of thighs. No sterilization or cleaning of the injection site is required. Just draw the insulin and inject.
If you are diabetic, you may have poor vision, because diabetes affect eyes and one of the leading cause of blindness and poor vision. If you have poor vision, needle magnifier with needle guide can help you draw correct dose from vial, administer correct dose of insulin at the right site and at correct angle. Read more…