Several outbreaks or epidemics of ebola virus disease (EVD) has taken place since 1976, most in Western African region. Currently (August 2014) one outbreak of ebola is going on in the same region, which started in Sierra Leone. We all should be aware of ebola virus disease, because it has high mortality among infected individuals.
How many types of ebola viruses can cause disease?
There are five types of ebola viruses that can cause EVD, and they are Bundibugyo ebolavirus (BDBV), Zaire ebolavirus (EBOV), Sudan ebolavirus (SUDV), Taï Forest ebolavirus (TAFV) and Reston ebolavirus (RESTV). Among them Reston ebolavirus (RESTV) is found in China and The Philippines and usually do not cause death of infected persons.
What are the signs and symptoms of ebola virus disease (EVD)?
Signs and symptoms of ebola virus disease (EVD) are non-specific and like any other viral fever, which makes diagnosis difficult and lead to high fatality, due to late diagnosis. The symptoms include acute onset of fever, serious weakness, muscle pain, sore throat and headache. These symptoms are followed by diarrhea, vomiting and skin rash. There is impairment of kidney and liver functions. There may also be external and internal bleeding.
How long infected persons remain infectious and how long is incubation period of ebola virus disease?
The incubation period (the time interval between entry of the virus and appearance of first symptom) of ebola virus disease is varies and range from 2 days to 21 days. An infected person may remain infectious several days to weeks after recovery from illness. In one case a healthcare worker was found to have the virus 61 days after appearance of first symptom. Semen can contain virus up to 3 weeks after recovery and during this time sexual intercourse should be avoided, to prevent transmission. Read more…
If you’re one of the thousands of individuals plagued by knee injury as a result of a partially torn ligament or bursitis, then you already know solving your problems will take more than just popping a pill.
Among athletes, knees face resistance in sports that involve twisting and running. Among the elderly, the cartilage responsible for cushioning the knees wears out with age, often producing pain and chronic stiffness. Knee injury, therefore, can be caused by many different reasons and experienced as an aching feeling near the knee joint.
According to SportsInjuryClinic, the location of the knee is often associated with a particular type of knee injury. For instance, knee pain occurring at the front of the knee is often associated with an injury condition called jumper’s knee, or the disease Osgood Schlatters. Some of the pain originates inside the joint, although the main cause of such a pain can damage to soft tissue structures surrounding the knee.
Speeding up recovery
Physicians and doctors typically treat the pain associated with knee injuries with painkillers and advise anti-inflammatory medicines to speed up recovery. However, these two measures can result in side effects, which is why a more natural approach to pain relief and speeding up recovery is becoming popular.
The following are some of the less invasive and natural ways to easy knee pain and speed up recovery: Read more…
As there is no effective treatment in absence of suitable antiviral antibiotics for ebola virus infection and in absence of effective human vaccine, it is important to prevent the EVD by making people aware of the disease and its mode of transmission and ways to prevent the disease from spreading from one person to another. It is important to make people aware about the risk factors and preventing measures required to contain the disease from spreading.
In the areas where ebola virus disease occurs or if there is an outbreak or epidemic, the awareness campaign should focus on:
- Reducing contact with wild animals such as fruit bats or monkeys/apes. People should be advised not to consume raw meat of such animals. Any animal product (such as meat, blood or any raw animal product) should be cooked thoroughly before consumption.
- If animal handling is necessary, suitable protective gloves and other appropriate protective clothing should be used while handling.
- Preventive awareness for human-to-human transmission, such as not to come in contact with infected individuals or their body fluids. Close physical contact with infected person should be avoided.
Whether you’ve got a cold or cancer, rheumatism or rhinotillexomania, you can always learn more about your condition by understanding the science behind it. In this article, we look at the science at the heart of a range of health issues.
Scientific research plays a huge part in expanding our knowledge of medical conditions, their causes and cures. While the results of scientific experiment are often seen in the form medicines or grand, new theories, the work behind the scenes not so visible. It is well worth looking into various bits of equipment that are used in studies however. From basic histology supplies, like gloves, containers, cork and cutting tools, to more complex elements like microspheres and coagulating agents there are some fascinating aspects behind the scenes of scientific study.
The health issue of obesity clearly has some environmental factors; otherwise we wouldn’t see localized trends like Mexico overtaking the US as the fattest nation on earth.
However, as well as what you eat, what you drink and how much you exercise there is some science behind whether you are fat or thin. One theory links the ecosystem that exists in the human gut with weight. The massive and diverse community of bacteria in your stomach helps you to digest food but it also determines how your body stores fat and how you respond to hunger. Mixes of intestinal bacteria vary from person to person and the wrong mix could make you more prone to putting on weight. Read more…
General Health Tags:
Anybody working within the healthcare sector has to follow strict guidelines when it comes to patient confidentiality. It plays an extremely important role in medicine and without it patients would be a lot more hesitant to seek the help that they need. If you handle confidential information regarding patients of any type of healthcare facility, you need to make sure you follow proper regulations. Electronic healthcare records are just one thing that can help to keep records completely private.
What does patient confidentiality really mean?
Patient confidentiality can be a tricky topic to get to grips with. At its core, it states that individuals have the right to keep their medical records private and information cannot be shared with loved ones, employers or any other third party. There are exceptions to this for example, by law the medical professional has to report to appropriate authorities if their patient is at risk of harming themselves or other people.
All patient records and personal details need to be securely stored away. Physical records need to be kept in a secure filing system that remains locked. It should only be accessible to those who need to access the files. Electronic records also need to be stored on a secure system. Pharmacy Regulation has a fantastic guide on patient confidentiality which can relate to all medical sectors.
Any break in patient confidentiality laws are classed as a serious offense and it will have a significant negative impact on your practice. Read more…
General Health Tags:
The treatment of calcaneal spur of heel spur may be non-surgical of surgical. Depending on the symptoms and seriousness of the condition, your doctor may advice either of the treatment modalities.
Non-surgical management of calcaneal spur:
Commonly your doctor or health care provider will give you non-surgical treatment first. Rest may not help, because if there is plantar fasciitis along with calcaneal spur, the fascia get elongated/stretched in the next morning and cause pain. Sometimes pain may reduce on walking for some time, but in such cases the pain recur after prolonged rest. Hence not very much useful.
Medications used for treatment of pain are helpful for calcaneal spur too, including over the counter pain medications such as ibuprofen, acetaminophen, naproxen etc. The management with medication should also be accompanied by stretching exercise, change to properly fit and soft soled shoes, providing rest to muscles and tendons of foot by taping and strapping, physiotherapy and use of shoe inserts and orthotic devices. Ultimately during management of calcaneal spur by non-surgical method, it is to be remembered that the problem is mainly due to inflammation of soft tissues of foot (such as plantar fascia, and other soft tissues) and the inflammation need to be addressed. The cause of the inflammation need to be looked for and treated, if possible, removed. Read more…
Disease Treatments Tags: