What is Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

What is Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

We know by now that we need to eat the right foods, need to work out, and do stuff that is healthy for us. Because maintaining good health does not happen by accident, it requires work and smart lifestyle choices. But sometimes when we wake up at 6 am to hit the gym before work or shunning the donuts in breakfast, it’s easy to lose sight of for what are we doing all these. So here are some top articles choices that can keep you motivated to lead a healthy lifestyle and keep diseases at bay.

What is Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

Fetal alcohol syndrome may occur if fetus get exposed to alcohol during pregnancy due to drinking habit of the mother. Fetal alcohol syndrome cause brain damage and problems in growth. The problems and symptoms caused by fetal alcohol syndrome can vary from child to child, however, the changes are irreversible. It is not known how much drinking during pregnancy can be considered safe and drinking any amount of alcohol exposes the fetus to fetal alcohol syndrome and the pregnant women should keep this in mind. Hence, ideally a pregnant woman should totally abstain from drinking alcohol during pregnancy. Even a single drink may put the baby at risk of fetal alcohol syndrome., What is Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

What are the symptoms of fetal alcohol syndrome?

Signs and symptoms of fetal alcohol syndrome can be a mix of physical defect, cognitive or intellectual problems as well as problem with coping in daily life activities.

Physical defects that may occur in fetal alcohol syndrome:

  • Deformities in face such as deformed nose (short and upturned nose), thin upper lip, widely set eyes, abnormal skin in between nose and upper lip.
  • Slow growth in intrauterine and extra-uterine life (after birth).
  • Vision problems
  • Hearing problem
  • Deformities in joints, fingers or limbs and problem in bones
  • Small brain and small head
  • Heart problems/defects
  • Kidney problems

Brain and CNS symptoms:

  • Delayed development, learning problems, low intellectual status
  • Weak memory
  • Poor muscle coordination
  • Low level of reasoning and problem solving capacity
  • Attention deficit and problem in processing information
  • Poor judgment skill and inability to understand consequences of an action/choice
  • Hyperactivity
  • Rapid mood swing

Social and behavioral symptoms:

  • Problems in school in getting along with others as well as in learning
  • Poor adaptability and trouble in switching from one task to another
  • Behavior problems and poor social skill
  • Difficulty in planning and focusing on a task
  • Poor concept of time

Every pregnant women who have a habit of drinking need to consult a doctor regarding possibility of fetal alcohol syndrome. Because the safety limit (i.e. The quantity of alcohol that can be consumed by a pregnant woman with any risk of fetal alcohol syndrome to the fetus) of alcohol during pregnancy is not known.


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