What is Bruxism and What are Its Symptoms

Bruxism is a medical condition where the affected person grind, gnash or clench his/her teeth. Usually patients of bruxism unconsciously clench teeth together during the day, or grind them at night (known as sleep bruxism). Sleep bruxism is a sleep-related medical disorder, because people sleep bruxism are more likely to have other sleep disorders, such as snoring and pauses in breathing (sleep apnea).ID-100108820

Bruxism, if mild usually do not need any treatment. However, in case of severe bruxism, or if the symptoms appear frequently, must be treated, because there is risk of development of complications, such as jaw disorders, headaches, damaged teeth or other complications.

Symptoms and signs of bruxism:

It is important to know signs and symptoms of bruxism, because if you have sleep bruxism, you may not be aware of the condition and complications may have already developed, before you recognize the problem. The symptoms of bruxism are:

  • Grinding or clenching of teeth, which may be loud enough to awaken your sleep partner
  • Teeth may be flattened, fractured, chipped or loose, especially if the condition (bruxism) continues for long without recognizing it
  • There is increased tooth sensitivity
  • Enamel of your teeth may be worn out, which exposes deeper layers of your tooth/teeth
  • Pain or soreness of your face or jaw
  • Muscles of your jaw (such as messeter) may be tired and tight
  • You may have pain that feels like earache, but actually there is no problem in your ears
  • Headache, dull in nature that may originates in temples
  • Injury/indentation in your tongue
  • Inner side of your cheek may be damaged
  • The sound of your grinding or clenching of teeth may be loud enough to disturb sleep of your sleep partner, who may inform you about your problem.

All the above mentioned symptoms may suggest bruxism (sleep bruxism), which you may not be aware of. If you suspect of having bruxism, because you may have one or more of the above mentioned symptoms, it is time to see your doctor. Do not ignore the problem of bruxism, as it may be potentially serious, which may lead to various complications. Hence, seek medical advice before any complications develop or before it is too late.

Image courtesy of [imagerymajestic] at FreeDigitalPhotos.net

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