What are the Symptoms of Laryngitis?

What are the Symptoms of Laryngitis?


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What are the Symptoms of Laryngitis?

Laryngitis is inflammation of larynx or vocal cords. Laryngitis usually occurs due to infection, overuse (such as individuals engaged in profession where vocal cord has to be used for long time such as singers and teachers) and irritation (e.g. post nasal drip). Normally vocal cords (two folds of mucous membrane covering muscle and cartilage present inside larynx) open and close smoothly during speaking. However, in laryngitis vocal cords become inflamed and there is swelling of vocal cords, which make the voice to get distorted (an important symptom of laryngitis) and/or hoarse. In some cases of laryngitis, the voice may be so much hoarse that it may not be comprehensible. Most of the cases of laryngitis are short lived and due to viral infection of due to overuse of vocal cords. However, chronic laryngitis needs to be investigated properly for possible serious underlying medical condition.

Symptoms of laryngitis:

Laryngitis symptoms in most cases last less than a few weeks and usually caused by virus or due to overuse of vocal cords. Less commonly laryngitis symptoms may be chronic and may indicate serious underlying medical condition. The symptoms of laryngitis are:

  • Hoarseness of voice or distortion of voice. In severe cases the voice may become very weak or there may be loss of voice.
  • Irritation or tickling sensation in throat.
  • Dryness of throat
  • Sore throat and there may be pain during swallowing
  • Dry cough

In most cases of laryngitis rest to voice with plenty of fluid intake may be enough for getting better in few days. If you laryngitis persists it is better to consult a doctor. It is best to avoid use of vocal cords during laryngitis, as excessive and forceful use of vocal cords during acute laryngitis, may damage the vocal cords and cause serious problem.

Seek immediate medical help if you or your child has following problems during laryngitis:

  • Breathing problem
  • Blood during coughing
  • High fever
  • Pain during swallowing dysphagia
  • If your child breath is making noisy high pitched sound (known as stridor)

Laryngitis may also be accompanied by infection of airway just beneath it and this combination is known as croup. If you or your child develops croup, consult your doctor immediately.

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