What are the Risk Factors of Gastritis?

What are the Risk Factors of Gastritis?


We know by now that we need to eat the right foods, need to work out, and do stuff that is healthy for us. Because maintaining good health does not happen by accident, it requires work and smart lifestyle choices. But sometimes when we wake up at 6 am to hit the gym before work or shunning the donuts in breakfast, it’s easy to lose sight of for what are we doing all these. So here are some top articles choices that can keep you motivated to lead a healthy lifestyle and keep diseases at bay.

What are the Risk Factors of Gastritis?

Gastritis is fairly common medical problem these days due to certain risk factors which are very common. Risk factor may be modifiable (such as alcohol abuse, infection in stomach, regular intake of pain reliever medication etc,) or non modifiable (such as old age). If you have any of the risk factors, you have a greater chance of gastritis in compare to individuals with no risk factors for gastritis.

The risk factors that can increase the risk of gastritis include bacterial infection (by Helicobacter pylori), regular intake of pain medication, excess alcohol consumption (alcohol abuse), stress, older age, reflux of bile to stomach, autoimmune disease, other medical conditions etc.

Bacterial infection:

Individuals with Helicobacter pylori infection have a greater risk of developing gastritis, which tend to be chronic in nature. It is estimated that approximately half of world population is infected with Helicobacter pylori which can explain why gastritis is so widespread among individuals. Helicobacter pylori can even spread from one person to another. But all the infected individuals do not suffer from complication of Helicobacter pylori which include peptic ulcer and gastritis, although the reason for this is not clear.

Regular intake of pain medication:

Common pain relieving medications (aspirin, ibuprofen etc.) are available over the counter (OTC). Regular use of these medications without proper precaution and competent medical advice can lead to development of gastritis and ulcer. These medications break down the natural protective mechanism in stomach against acids and other offending agents and lead to gastritis and ulcer. If you are taking pain relieving medications, make sure that you take them on full stomach and take them only occasionally and not regularly.

Excess alcohol consumption:

Alcohol is an irritant and may disturb the natural lining of stomach and make it vulnerable to destruction by different offending agents and digestive juices such as gastric hydrochloric acid. Regular and excess alcohol consumption is one of the common causes of gastritis.

Stress:

Stressful conditions such as major surgical procedure, serious injury, burns etc. can lead to higher risk of acute gastritis, which usually goes away when stressful condition is removed.

Older age:

Older individuals are at greater risk of developing gastritis, due to wear and tear of gastric lining and because of possibility of Helicobacter pylori infection than younger age group.

Reflux of bile to stomach:

Reflux of bile to stomach due to disease in the lower gastric sphincter (which keeps the lower opening of stomach closed) or due to surgical removal can lead to chronic gastritis.

Autoimmune disease:

In autoimmune disease your own body defense mechanism works against your cells and may cause gastritis (autoimmune gastritis). Gastritis is more common among individuals with suffering from autoimmune diseases such as Hashimoto’s disease, pernicious anemia etc.

Other medical conditions: gastritis is more common in people with certain medical conditions such as parasite infection, HIV infection, AIDS etc.

 

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