What are the Risk Factors and how to Prevent Spider Bite?

Spider bites that are troublesome and dangerous are rare. However, the risk of bites by black widow spider or brown recluse spider is there (may be very little risk) if you live in the same area where these two species of spiders also live naturally. If you disturb their habitat, the risk of bite is much higher. Both black widow spider and brown recluse spider prefer dry, dark places and warm climate.

Black widow spiders are found in their natural habitat, in places such as:

  • Sheds
  • Woodpiles
  • Garages
  • Places where unused pots and various gardening and farming equipment are kept as well as in other places

Brown recluse spiders are found in their natural habitat, in places such as:

  • Recluse spiders prefer indoor environment, than outdoor natural habitat, which makes it more risky of bites
  • Behind bookshelves
  • In the basement or attics
  • Sometimes even in cupboards and in and around your living places where there may be stock of equipment and furniture, especially if unused for long time.
  • In outdoor environment, they prefer dark, quiet spots, such as under rocks or in tree stumps.

How to prevent spider bites?

Spiders, like most animals bite only in defense, if a person unknowingly threaten them, when they crushed between skin and another object. Following measures can help prevent spider bite:

  • If you are handling stored boxes or firewood, and when cleaning out sheds, garages, basements, attics and crawl spaces do not forget to wear long-sleeve shirt, hat, gloves and boots.
  • Insect repellents, such as DEET or Picaridin, for your clothing and footwear can be of great use.
  • If you are going to use gardening gloves, boots that have been unused for a while, it is best to shake out these, to remove if any spider is present inside.
  • Install tight-fitting screens on windows and doors, and seal cracks or crevices where spiders can come in or where spiders can hide.
  • Discard old boxes, clothing and other unwanted items from storage areas and garage.
  • If you want to store some items you store them off the floor and away from walls to prevent making habitat for the spiders.
  • Remove piles of rocks or woodpiles from the area near your house. Also avoid storing firewood very close to your house.
  • Vacuum spiders and spider webs and dispose of them in a sealed bag and this need to be done frequently. To prevent reentry of spiders dispose them far away and in sealed bag.

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