What are the Complications of Diabetic Neuropathy?

What are the Complications of Diabetic Neuropathy?

We know by now that we need to eat the right foods, need to work out, and do stuff that is healthy for us. Because maintaining good health does not happen by accident, it requires work and smart lifestyle choices. But sometimes when we wake up at 6 am to hit the gym before work or shunning the donuts in breakfast, it’s easy to lose sight of for what are we doing all these. So here are some top articles choices that can keep you motivated to lead a healthy lifestyle and keep diseases at bay.

What are the Complications of Diabetic Neuropathy?

Diabetic neuropathy can cause various serious complications. They include,

Loss of lower limb:

Nerve damage due to diabetic neuropathy can occur in any part of the body. However, damage usually occur in lower limbs. This is also commonly known as diabetic foot. Nerve damage leads to paresthesia (lack of feeling) in feet and as a result, minor cuts and sores may go unnoticed. Due to not noticing minor cuts and sores, it may develop into ulceration and severe infection. Due to diabetes, it becomes difficult to heal infection. Blood supply to the area also reduces because of diabetes. Infection may go deep into underlying bones and may even develop into a gangrene. Once gangrene develops, it becomes virtually untreatable and may need amputation of the affected part., What are the Complications of Diabetic Neuropathy?

Urinary tract problems:

This may include urinary tract infection and urinary incontinence. Damage of nerves supplying the bladder can lead to incomplete emptying of urine from bladder (retention of urine), urinary incontinence due to lack of nerve control, and these leads to growing of bacteria and develop uti (urinary tract infection) frequently/recurrent.

Digestive problems:

Damage of nerves of digestive system may cause diarrhea, constipation, or alternating bouts of diarrhea and constipation. Nausea, vomiting, lack of appetite are also common. Gastroparesis may develop, where the stomach may empty very slowly or even may not empty at all. This can cause severe nutritional deficiency.

Hypoglycemic unawareness:

A diabetic person usually develop some symptoms of hypoglycemia when blood glucose falls below 70 mg/dl. However, due to nerve damage a diabetic person may not develop any symptoms when blood sugar levels falls to very low and increase risk of complications due to low blood sugar.

Low blood pressure:

Due to damage to the nerves that control circulation, your body may not be able to adjust the blood pressure and lead to lowering of blood pressure. Orthostatic hypotension can occur and it can be troublesome.

Sexual dysfunction:

Nerve damage can affect sex organs and sexual dysfunction may be seen in diabetic neuropathy.

Joint problems:

Generally, joints of feet are involved due to nerve damage. Charcot’s joints may develop in feet, where there is loss of sensation in the affected joint, as well as swelling and instability and even deformity of the joint. Early management can prevent further damage.

There can also be other complications such as increase or decrease in sweating due to effects on sweat glands.


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