Vitamin-D & Other Nutrients in Osteoporosis

Vitamin-D & Other Nutrients in Osteoporosis


We know by now that we need to eat the right foods, need to work out, and do stuff that is healthy for us. Because maintaining good health does not happen by accident, it requires work and smart lifestyle choices. But sometimes when we wake up at 6 am to hit the gym before work or shunning the donuts in breakfast, it’s easy to lose sight of for what are we doing all these. So here are some top articles choices that can keep you motivated to lead a healthy lifestyle and keep diseases at bay.

Vitamin-D & Other Nutrients in Osteoporosis

There are several data of controlled clinical trials of the role of vitamin D and calcium. The data of clinical trials shows that vitamin D and calcium reduces the risk and incidence of clinical fractures by 20-30%, including hip fracture. The data has given sufficient evidence for use of vitamin D and calcium, with or without use of specific medications for osteoporosis. The use of adequate amount of vitamin D and calcium with medications for osteoporosis, such as bisphosphonates (Alendronate, Risedronate etc.) increase bone mass density in osteoporosis.

Vitamin-D:

Vitamin-D is the only vitamin that can be synthesized by human body in skin under the influence of heat and ultraviolet light. But unfortunately a majority of population do not get sufficient amount of vitamin D for our need or the amount recommended. The cost of vitamin D supplementation is also not high and many governments including US government under the Institute of Medicine recommends daily intakes of 200 IU (international units) for adults below 50 years of age, 400 IU for those from 50–70 years, and 600 IU for those above 70 years of age. But for patients of osteoporosis and chronic ill patients may need higher amounts of vitamin D.

Other nutrients (sodium salt, high animal protein intakes, vitamin K, phytoestrogens, caffeine, magnesium etc.) generally act in osteoporosis by influencing calcium excretion or absorption, although the effect is only modest. Normal vitamin K level is important because long-term warfarin therapy, which cause impairment of vitamin K metabolism, have been associated with reduced bone mass and may lead to development of osteoporosis.

Patients with multiple fracture and hip fracture are commonly malnourished. Proper nutrition (with calorie and protein supplementation) in these patients can improve the recovery and outcome of fracture. High protein intake can cause increased excretion of calcium, but it is manageable with increased calcium intake and not harmful.

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