Treatment of Iron Deficiency Anemia

Treatment of Iron Deficiency Anemia

Treatment of Iron Deficiency Anemia

Iron deficiency anemia is a type of nutritional anemia. In developing countries iron deficiency anemia is the most common form of anemia and occurs due to deficiency of iron in the diet, but in developed countries iron deficiency anemia is less common and generally seen among menstruating women. It is rare among non-menstruating individuals (postmenopausal women and among men) in developed countries. As iron deficiency anemia is rare and less common in developed countries, diagnosis of iron deficiency anemia should be followed by search of potential source of chronic blood loss, such as bleeding from ulcers or colon cancer.

The treatment of iron deficiency anemia depends (like other forms of anemia) the severity of the anemia. The treatment of iron deficiency anemia should be directed to the cause of the anemia, along with the supplementation of iron in diet and other measures. Unless the cause of iron deficiency is identified and treated appropriately, the disease can not be cured completely. Iron supplementation, without correcting the cause will have only temporary effect.

Mild to moderate iron deficiency anemia is usually treated with iron supplementation, if there is no underlying cause other than nutritional deficiency. Commonly used iron preparations are ferrous sulfate, ferrous fumerate and ferrous gluconate. Ferrous sulfate is the best among these preparations as the elemental iron content is highest in ferrous sulfate and it is also cheapest among all preparations. Vitamin C and other reducing substances if consumed along with iron preparations help in increasing absorption of iron from GIT. This is the reason your doctor may instruct you to take fresh orange juice or lemon juice along with iron preparations or may prescribe vitamin C.

What problems may arise during iron supplementation therapy?

Iron supplementations generally cause stomach upset, but usually mild. Constipation and hardening of stool is also a common side effect of iron supplementation. Stool becomes dark in color. To reduce stomach upset iron supplementation can be taken with food, but taking along with food reduces its absorption from GIT.

Treatment of severe Iron deficiency anemia:

If anemia is severe the treatment may require blood transfusion. Transfusion of packed red cells is preferred over transfusion of whole blood, although whole blood can also be transfused with good result.

To prevent breathlessness in severe anemia, oxygen may be required.

Avatar for admin

Related Posts

Leave a Comment

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Loading...