Tips To Prevent Dehydration Of Children During Summer

Kids love outdoor activities and outdoor games. They like to be out, especially during summer. However, kids may not be able to adjust to high temperature and humidity as adults. Because, compare to adults, kids have higher proportion of body surface area in compare to body weight, as a result they produce more heat during physical activity, but they also produce less sweat in compare to adults. Which makes them more vulnerable to heat make them susceptible to dehydration and heat related medical conditions such as sun stroke (or heat stroke), heat exhaustion, hyperthermia etc. Hence, parents and must be careful and supervise their children during outdoor activities during warm and summer months.

Kids may enjoy too much in their outdoor activities and may not have time to drink at regular interval. Hence parents should keep plenty of fluid ready for their children, to prevent dehydration.

Some tips to prevent dehydration and heat related medical conditions among children during summer:

Acclimate your child to heat: introduce your child to heat gradually, especially if your child is engaged in competitive sport or any other strenuous physical activity. Introduce your child to full physical activity in 10-14 days, so that your child can acclimate to the heat and humidity, by improving blood volume, increase sweat etc. to prevent dehydration.

Give water or fluid frequently: give water or any other liquid to your child frequently during workouts. It is important to reduce outdoor exposure during midday time and time severe or strenuous physical activity during early morning or during evening time, to reduce exposure to heat. A child of approximately 40 kilo should drink approximately 150 ml of water every 20 minutes and a child of approximately 50-60 kilo should drink approximately 250 ml of water every 20 minutes.

Know the physical condition of your child: if your child is not physically fit or overweight, it is important he/she starts slowly. Overweight or unfit child may not be able to cope heat and dehydration like a fit child. If your child is not used to regular physical activity/exercise, introduce it slowly during warm time.

Know the weather condition and plan accordingly: find out the heat index of last few days, before you send your child for outdoor activity. Heat index is calculated using room/air temperature and humidity and it is a good indicator of comfort.

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