Social Development in Autism

Social Development in Autism


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Social Development in Autism

Social developmental problems distinguish autism and ASDs from other developmental disorders in children. Autistic individuals (children as well as adults) have some lacking in social intuitions (social impairments), which are taken granted for.

Abnormal and unusual social developments are identified at the early childhood and also diagnosis of autism is made. Infants and children suffering from autism are less attentive to social stimuli such as they smile less often and also look at other less often. Autistic infants and children also respond less to their own name. If a toddler is suffering from autism, he/she can not express himself/ or herself and have less eye contact with others and they also point at things less than others or they are deficient at pointing at things or toys. Normal children of three to five years exhibit social understanding such as imitate others and respond to emotions, they also communicate nonverbally with others, and take turns with others, but autistic children lack these or very slow to respond. Autistic children develop attachment to their primary caregivers.

Adults or older children with autism perform badly on tests on face and emotion recognition, although individuals with less severe ASDs perform better. Although there is common understanding that autistic individuals (especially autistic children) prefer to be alone, they suffer from loneliness more than normal individuals. An autistic child may face problem in maintaining friendship, and without quality friendship they may feel lonely. Superficial friendship such as invitation to parties may make their problems worse as they want quality friendship and not superficial or functional friendship.

Autistic children may be violent and aggressive. In one study it was found that two third of autistic children had severe tantrums and one third had history of aggression, which shows tantrums are much common in autistic children than normal children or children with language impairments without autism. Autistic individuals may be more prone to violent crimes than normal individuals.

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