Risk factors and Complications of Edema

Risk factors and Complications of Edema

We know by now that we need to eat the right foods, need to work out, and do stuff that is healthy for us. Because maintaining good health does not happen by accident, it requires work and smart lifestyle choices. But sometimes when we wake up at 6 am to hit the gym before work or shunning the donuts in breakfast, it’s easy to lose sight of for what are we doing all these. So here are some top articles choices that can keep you motivated to lead a healthy lifestyle and keep diseases at bay.

Risk factors and Complications of Edema

Edema is accumulation of trapping of excess fluid inside any body tissue. Edema can affect any body tissue; however, it is commonly seen in legs, ankle and feet, upper limbs and some other parts of the body.

As we can see, edema occurs commonly in some body parts, hence it is clear that certain factors influence formation of edema in those parts and there are certain risk factors involved in edema., Risk factors and Complications of Edema

There are certain risk factors for edema formation and they include,

  • Pregnancy: During pregnancy, growing fetus and placenta need more fluid. As a result pregnant women’s body retain more salt and water leading to increased risk of edema in some body parts such as legs, feet, ankle, etc. Because these parts are dependent and tend to pool blood.
  • Certain medications: various medications increase risk of developing edema and they include, Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (nsaids such as ibuprofen), drugs used for high blood pressure (calcium channel blockers such as amlodipine. This medication dilates blood vessels and reduce blood pressure. Blood vessels of legs and feet also are dilated and pool blood leading to edema formation), steroids, estrogens, diabetic medications (such as thiazolidinediones) etc.
  • Certain chronic medical conditions such as congestive heart failure, liver disease, kidney disease etc. Also increase risk of developing edema
  • Surgery in any body part that has rich lymphatic supply/drainage can lead to edema, if lymphatic system in the area is damaged during surgery.

What are the complications of edema?

Complications of edema include,

  • Edematous swelling may become painful
  • Difficulty in breathing, if edema occurs in lungs (pulmonary edema)
  • Difficulty in walking
  • Difficulty in swallowing, if edema occurs in throat area, as seen in anaphylaxis
  • Due to stretching of skin there may be itching and cosmetic changes such as striae
  • Risk of infection increase in the edematous area
  • Scar tissue formation.
  • There is increased risk of ulcer formation in edematous area
  • Elasticity of arteries, veins, muscles, joints and ligaments may occur leading to various problems


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