Everything You Need To Know About Full Spectrum CBD Oil

Everything You Need To Know About Full Spectrum CBD Oil

We know by now that we need to eat the right foods, need to work out, and do stuff that is healthy for us. Because maintaining good health does not happen by accident, it requires work and smart lifestyle choices. But sometimes when we wake up at 6 am to hit the gym before work or shunning the donuts in breakfast, it’s easy to lose sight of for what are we doing all these. So here are some top articles choices that can keep you motivated to lead a healthy lifestyle and keep diseases at bay.

Everything You Need To Know About Full Spectrum CBD Oil

Full spectrum hemp oil or full spectrum CBD is the new hot buzzword around town. But with like many things related to cannabis, there is a lot of confusion over, well, every aspect of it. How about we end some of that today?, Everything You Need To Know About Full Spectrum CBD Oil

Image source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:CBD-infused_cold_brew_coffee_%26_tea_at_a_grocery_store_in_Los_Angeles,_California..png

Understanding CBD Oil

CBD oil is derived from cannabis plants: Hemp and Marijuana. Hemp varieties of the cannabis plant lack the phytocannabinoid, THC, which gives marijuana its notorious high. Because we now know that THC is the culprit of the high and therefore the real target of debate — not cannabis in general — we’re seeing hemp being legalized pretty much everywhere now.


THC is just one of 100+ phytocannabinoids found in these plants — cannabidiol (CBD) is also a phytocannabinoid, but it is non-psychoactive and can’t get you high. It still has therapeutic and restorative properties like pain relief, lower anxiety, and can even kill cancer cells, however.

As you can guess CBD oil has CBD in it, but the majority of CBD oil contains all the 100+ phytocannabinoids. As well, the oil will come with additional therapeutic essential oils known as terpenes — these create the rich and diverse aromas found in these plants.

This is why it’s important to use CBD oil derived from hemp as it will be devoid of THC so you’ll never have to worry about getting high. You can find CBD oil with THC in it, but this is known as cannabis oil — it should technically be called marijuana oil because cannabis does not equal THC.

When all the cannabinoids and terpenes are together in your oil, we call it Full Spectrum Hemp or CBD. Lately, you may have noticed the terms full spectrum hemp or PCR (phytocannabinoid-rich) oil, and this is simply calling CBD oil by what it actually is. 90% of CBD oil is full spectrum, and we originally called it CBD oil because we didn’t understand the full extent of how this oil worked.

Now, CBD can be isolated and sold as CBD Isolate, but this form of CBD is way less popular. While CBD may have the most pronounced and notable therapeutic benefits of all the phtyocannabinoids, it doesn’t work well by itself.

When isolated, CBD has a difficult time passing the blood-brain barrier and therefore requires an extremely high dose. As well, its therapeutic range is diminished as some of the other cannabinoids bring along unique medical properties that CBD lacks. Now because of body chemistry, some individuals prefer isolate.


CBD isolate doesn’t require any old high dose, but a specific one as CBD’s dosage operates on a bell curve — this means you could overshoot the dose and get diminishing effects. Because of this, CBD products for pets are almost always full spectrum — it’s just too difficult to tell whether CBD isolate is working efficiently or not since they can’t tell us how they feel.

The Entourage Effect

So why does CBD have a hard time passing the blood-brain barrier? Well, because that’s not its job — it relies on the some of the other phytocannabinoids and terpenes to help it do this.

This synergistic relationship between phytocannabinoids and terpenes is called the Entourage Effect — the sum of the plant is greater than any individual parts. This relationship is complex, and we still don’t fully understand all the ways that the phytocannabinoids act with each other.

The Big Three: Phytocannabinoids

Let’s take a look at main three phytocannabinoids in hemp. But before we do that, let’s address why sometimes you see an “A” after a phytocannabinoid’s name like CBDA instead of CBD or THCA not THC.

When you see an “A” after a phytocannabinoid, this is referring to the earlier stage in a phytocannbinoid’s life when it was non-activated because it still had a carboxyl group of weak acids. At different points in the life cycle of these plants, cannabinoids will lose their acid group and become activated when they are heated to a certain temperature. This can happen from the sun when growing, when drying & curing the plant after harvest, and when smoking, vaping, etc.

CBD oil is usually decarbed — meaning the extract has been heated to a certain point over many hours ensuring that the phytocannabinoids have become activated. Inactive cannabinoids still have therapeutic properties, so they aren’t totally useless, but our understanding of them isn’t the greatest — they are all non-psychoactive, however.

Cannabigerol (CBG)

CBG is the precursor for THC, CBD, and CBC. Don’t worry it’s still non-psychoactive even though it may eventually turn into THC — technically, CBG turns into the non-psychoactive THCA first before finally turning into THC and becoming psychoactive.

Because CBG is the precursors of many phytocannabinoids it’s rich with therapeutic properties — studies show it can lower inflammation, inhibit the growth of cancer cells, and can ease and control muscle contractions.

Cannabichromene (CBC)

CBC starts out as CBG like CBD and THC and appears to play a vital role in the entourage effect. As well, it will attach to vanilloid receptor 1 (TRPV1) and transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 (TRPA1) reducing pain sensitivity and triggering the body to release more endocannabinoids.

Cannabidiol (CBD)

You can think of CBD as the leader of the phytocannabinoids. CBD mainly works by attaching to FAAH enzymes that break down and recycle cannabinoids produced by the body called endocannabinoids. That’s right we create our own cannabinoids — our cats and dogs do too. In fact, all organisms with a backbone have an internal regulatory and restorative system known as the Endocannabinoid System which plays a vital role in homeostasis.

Homeostasis is any process that optimizes and adapts an organism to its environment ensuring the best rate of survival. Endocannabinoids help regulate the body in fighting germs, you can find them in breast milk to promote suckling, they regulate the sleep-wake cycle, and on and on we go — all the way down to the internal functions within the cells.

When the body is in short supply of endocannabinoids, we see uncontrolled inflammation, increase rate of sickness, increase stress, etc. When the endocannabinoid, anandamide, is in short supply, women may even struggle to get pregnant. The point is they are involved in essentially every process in the body.

CBD simply allows more endocannabinoids to naturally attach to more cannabinoid and other beneficial receptors — notably CB2 receptors found heavily in the immune and nervous system.


Terpenes are found in all plants, but cannabis plants have the most diverse collection in a plethora of different ratios — resulting in many different aromas. Cannabis can smell like citrus fruits, and this is due to the terpene, Limonene, which is also found in the fruit rinds of lemons and oranges. Other times it can smell like a pine tree, and this is due to them sharing the terpene alpha-Pinene.

Both cannabis and lavender share the terpene, Linalool, and as you might have guessed, this is responsible for lavender’s popular relaxation properties. Terpenes all have their own therapeutic effects, but it’s hard to notice them when the phytocannabinoids are also providing their own.

If you want to see how they operate by themselves, your best bet is to try out different essential oils.

In the future, we may see full spectrum hemp oil with different ratios of terpenes for targeting specific medical conditions. However, a lot will change as we come to better understand the role each cannabinoid and terpene plays.

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