Causes and Risk Factors of Bruxism

Causes and Risk Factors of Bruxism


We know by now that we need to eat the right foods, need to work out, and do stuff that is healthy for us. Because maintaining good health does not happen by accident, it requires work and smart lifestyle choices. But sometimes when we wake up at 6 am to hit the gym before work or shunning the donuts in breakfast, it’s easy to lose sight of for what are we doing all these. So here are some top articles choices that can keep you motivated to lead a healthy lifestyle and keep diseases at bay.

Causes and Risk Factors of Bruxism

Bruxism is a medical condition where the affected person (sufferer or patient) grind, gnash or clench teeth. The grinding, gnashing or clenching of teeth may occur at night during sleep or at day time., Causes and Risk Factors of Bruxism

What causes bruxism?

It is not precisely known by doctors, as what may be the exact cause of bruxism. However, there are several physical or psychological causes and may include:

  • Psychological problems such as anxiety disorder, stress, anger, frustration, tension, as is common in today’s stressful life
  • If you have hyperactive personality (may be aggressive, over competitive), this may be a cause of bruxism
  • Sleep disorders such as sleep apnea may lead to bruxism
  • Malocclusion of teeth, which is abnormal alignment of upper and lower teeth
  • In case of children, bruxism may occur as a response to severe pain such as earache or eruption of new teeth in children
  • GERD or gastro esophageal reflux disease, which lead to reflux of gastric acid into esophagus
  • Bruxism may be result of complication of some medical disorders such as Parkinson’s disease, Huntington’s disease etc. where there may be lack of control of muscles of the body
  • Bruxism may also occur as a result of some medications used to treat various psychiatric illnesses such as phenothiazines or certain antidepressants
  • Bruxism may occur due habit forming or coping strategy, where the person have habit of clenching teeth tight in some stressful situations

Risk factors for bruxism:

Sometimes you may be at greater risk of developing bruxism, in compare to others and the risk factors are:

  • Stressful life: one of the most important risk factor is stress in life. Highly stressful situations (including anger and frustration) may lead to teeth grinding.
  • Personality type: if you have type-A personality, you are at greater risk of bruxism, compare to other type personalities.
  • Age: bruxism is more common among children. Fortunately the problem usually disappear by completion of teenage years
  • Addiction to stimulating substances: consumption of stimulating substances such as tobacco, alcohol, caffeine as well as drugs that lead to addiction can increase risk of bruxism.

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