Cancer Screening for Geriatric Age Group

Cancer Screening for Geriatric Age Group


We know by now that we need to eat the right foods, need to work out, and do stuff that is healthy for us. Because maintaining good health does not happen by accident, it requires work and smart lifestyle choices. But sometimes when we wake up at 6 am to hit the gym before work or shunning the donuts in breakfast, it’s easy to lose sight of for what are we doing all these. So here are some top articles choices that can keep you motivated to lead a healthy lifestyle and keep diseases at bay.

Cancer Screening for Geriatric Age Group

, Cancer Screening for Geriatric Age GroupCancer is a leading cause of death among older (geriatric) age group of individuals. Common killer cancers among older individuals are breast cancer (mainly for females), prostate cancer (for older males), colorectal cancer and lung cancer. There are also other cancers that older age group individuals are vulnerable, but the above mentioned four cancers cause most of malignancy related deaths among older age group individuals and the screening for cancer among geriatric age group should be aimed at these four killer cancers.

Colorectal cancer:

Screening for colorectal cancer (by doing fecal occult blood testing annually or twice a year) is highly effective and can reduce mortality by 80%. Other screening methods for colorectal cancer include sigmoidoscopy (every 5 years), colonoscopy (every 10 years) and double-contrast barium enema (every 5–10 years). All the screening methods are equally good in detecting colorectal cancer and also cost effective. Which procedure to be used depends on the condition of the patient.

Breast cancer:

This is the leading cause of cancer deaths among women of 80 years or more. It is estimated that more than one fourth deaths due to breast cancer occurs among women of 80 years or more. Studies also fond that incidence of breast cancer peaks at eight decade of life.

Screening for breast cancer involves mammography and annual Clinical Breast Examination (CBE). Mammography becomes more sensitive and specific in the eight decade and gives best result if screening is done. Annual clinical breast examination of women is another important screening method for detecting breast cancer earlier. This is cheaper as well as less uncomfortable in compare to mammography.

Prostate cancer:

Prostate cancer is a leading cause of cancer death among older males. More than 90% death due to prostate cancer occurs among men older than 65 years. Screening (by detecting prostate specific antigen) can detect prostate cancer earlier; unfortunately it does not lead to reduced mortality. According to U.S. Preventive Services Task Force, there is no clear evidence that screening for prostate cancer has any benefit. American Cancer Society and American Urological Society recommend screening for prostate cancer for those with at least a 10-year life expectancy.

Lung cancer:

Lung cancer is leading cause of cancer deaths among geriatric population. Unfortunately no screening intervention has any impact on the incidence or mortality due to lung cancer.

Image(s): FreeDigitalPhotos.net

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