Albendazole: Side Effects and Precautions

Any medication have some side effects and albendazole is also no exception to this. However not all these side effects occur in a patient and not every patient taking albendazole have side effects. In fact, side effects of albendazole are few and less frequent and also not serious and most mild side effects that usually pose no permanent problem.

Side effects of albendazole include,

  • Comparatively common side effect of albendazole is stomach ache or abdominal pain, abdominal discomfort
  • Less common side effect include, nausea, fever etc.
  • Rare side effects of albendazole include, dizziness, loss of hair or thinning of hair, black or tarry stool, blood in stool, blood in urine, difficulty or painful urination, gum bleeding, cough, breathlessness, chest pain, chills, sore throat, sore/ulcer/white spot in mouth and/or lips, weakness, tiredness, bleeding or unusual bruising etc.

Most of the above mentioned side effects usually do not need any medical attention and they usually go away on its own. However, it is important to know the possible side effects of albendazole, before starting the medicine and be aware of the potential side effects. You also should ask your doctor regarding the way to prevent side effects and also ways to make the drug more effective, e.g. by increasing absorption (e.g. in case of neurocysticercosis) of drug or by preventing absorption of drug (e.g. in case of treatment of intestinal worms).

Precautions while taking albendazole:

Make sure to keep in touch with your doctor during treatment with albendazole, to check progress of treatment in clearing the disease and also to track for any side effect that may occur during treatment. Blood tests and/or stool tests may be required to check for progress of the treatment. If there is no improvement of symptoms or if there is worsening of symptoms during treatment, consult your doctor.

If you are taking albendazole for treatment of neurocysticercosis, there is possibility of seizures and consult your doctor if you have any seizure during treatment. Seizure is not a side effect of albendazole but it is due to release of certain substances from dead worms during dissemination of dead worms in brain.

It is important that you consult with your doctor before taking any medication (prescription or over the counter medication or even herbal preparations or vitamin supplements) while you are on albendazole.

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