What is Nail Fungus Infection?

Nail fungus infection or onychomycosis or tinea unguium or dermatophytic onychomycosis is commonly known as “ringworm of nails”. It is the most common health problem of nails (both finger nails and toe nails, but toenail infection is more common) and constitutes approximately half of all nail problems. Fungal infection of nail or ringworm of nails is a common health problem among adults and affects as many as 6-8% of adult population.

Fungus may infect one of more nails which may begin as white or yellow spot under the tip of your nail. Soon the fungal infection may spread to the deeper tissues of the nail. Once deeper nail tissues are involved it may cause discoloration of nail, become thick, produce crumbling edges and may be painful. The nail (or nails) becomes anatomically abnormal at this stage. The treatment of nail fungus infection may be difficult and need appropriate anti-fungal antibiotics for appropriate duration for successful treatment (for cure).

What are the symptoms of nail fungus infection?

The symptoms of nail fungus infection includes thickening of affected nail(s), distortion of nail, appearance become yellow or cloudy, the surface become brittle, crumbly or ragged, absence of normal shine or luster of nail etc. In severe or long standing cases there may be pain. The infected nail may separate from its nail bed, which is called onycholysis.

Fungal infection of nail may become persistent unless appropriately treated. The best time to see your doctor is at the time of appearance of white or yellow spot under the tip of nail. Do not ignore nail fungus infection as it may trouble you more than you expect.

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