What are the Symptoms of Periapical Tooth Abscess

A tooth abscess is a pocket filled with pus in any part of tooth. Pus is present due to bacterial infection. When bacteria infect any part of the body (including tooth), body sends white blood cells to fight the invading infection (in this case bacteria) and during fight with bacteria many white blood cells die while fighting, which are accumulated in the form of pus.

Abscess can occur in any part of tooth, however some areas of tooth are more prone to develop abscess, such as periapical area (periapical tooth abscess), and periodontal area (periodontal tooth abscess). Most commonly, periapical abscess occurs due to untreated dental cavity, it can also occur due to prior dental work or due to injury.

Your dentists may treat periapical tooth abscess by draining the pus and eliminating infection with appropriate antibiotic and by root canal treatment (RCT). RCT done at right time can save a tooth, however, sometimes tooth may have to be extracted, if there is no hope of saving the tooth from periapical abscess, especially when it is too late. Do not ignore periapical tooth abscess and live it untreated, because it may lead to life threatening complication.

What are the symptoms of periapical abscess?

The symptoms of periapical tooth abscess include:

  • Toothache, which is persistent, severe and throbbing in nature. Any toothache is very severe in nature as the pain can be unbearable
  • Sensitivity of affected tooth to cold and hot temperature
  • Sensitivity to pressure, i.e. sensitivity to biting and chewing
  • Swelling in the area of affected tooth
  • Fever due to infection
  • Lymph nodes of neck or under jaw may become swollen and tender
  • If there is rupture of abscess there may be relief from pain (toothache) which is accompanied by sudden rush of foul smelling and foul tasting liquid in your mouth due to escape of pus from abscess.
  • Affected tooth is painful to touch

It is very important to consult your dentist without delay if you have periapical tooth abscess, which is usually not difficult to understand from the above symptoms. If you have fever along with toothache and swelling in face, consult your dentist of avail emergency medical service. Never delay in getting medical attention in case of tooth abscess, as pain may become unbearable and complications may develop, some of which are potentially life threatening.

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