What are the Signs and Symptoms of Menopause?

Symptoms of menopause develop due to fluctuating levels of hormones (which ultimately reduces). Signs and symptoms of menopause vary from woman to woman. Symptoms of menopause (perimenopause, i.e. pre menopause, menopause, post menopause) may last for several years. Some women have mild symptoms which do not cause appreciable problems, but some women may suffer from severe symptoms which may need appropriate medical attention.

Some symptoms such as effects of low level of estrogen (such as atrophy of vagina and dryness of skin) may continue during postmenopausal period also, whereas some symptoms such as hot flushes, mood change, cold sweat etc. (due to extreme fluctuations in hormone levels) may disappear after menopause.

Common symptoms of menopause:

  • Erratic menstruation (the menstrual bleeding become irregular, duration may be shorter or longer, blood flow may be scanty or excess, menstruation may be absent for few months) due to anovulatory periods and reduced level of hormones.
  • Hot flushes, night sweat, cold flushes,
  • Insomnia and other sleep disturbances such as poor quality sleep.
  • Fatigue (lack of energy), psychological effects such as anxiety, depression, mood swing, irritability,
  • Dryness of vagina, and skin
  • Breast atrophy

Less common symptoms of menopause:

  • Heart problems such as palpitations.
  • Headache
  • Lack of concentration, memory problems.
  • Vaginal infections
  • Decreased libido, pain during sexual intercourse, dryness of vagina
  • Urgency, frequency and incontinence of urine
  • Back pain, joint pain, muscle pain.
  • Itching, tingling, burning, pins and needles, or sensation of ants crawling on or under the skin known as formication.

In addition to above mentioned common and less common symptoms of menopause, there may be other symptoms in some women during menopause.

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