Various Ways of Insulin Administration

If you are diabetic you may need insulin. If you have type 1 diabetes, insulin is must, because your body (pancreas) cannot produce insulin. If you have type 2 diabetes, you also may require insulin in some situations such as uncontrolled blood sugar with oral medications (known as oral hypoglycemic drugs), in case of infection, trauma or during pregnancy (because oral medications may have adverse effects on the growing fetus) and some other situations.ID-100140492

Many diabetic patients fear need to take daily insulin injections. The apprehension is because of lack of confidence and knowledge about insulin administration. Lot many new things are happening with insulin, although the drug (insulin) is nearly a century old. New methods of administration, new type of insulin with varying (short acting, intermediate acting and long acting) duration of action. Some ways to administer insulin include:

Common insulin needle and syringe:

This is the most common and oldest form of insulin administration, although there are many other ways of insulin administration. Insulin cannot be given orally, because gastric and intestinal juices destroy it before absorption. Special insulin syringes are available, which have very fine needle. A required quantity of insulin is drawn in the insulin syringe and injected into subcutaneous tissue/fat, especially in abdomen or front of thighs. No sterilization or cleaning of the injection site is required. Just draw the insulin and inject.

Syringe magnifier:

If you are diabetic, you may have poor vision, because diabetes affect eyes and one of the leading cause of blindness and poor vision. If you have poor vision, needle magnifier with needle guide can help you draw correct dose from vial, administer correct dose of insulin at the right site and at correct angle.

Prefilled insulin pen:

The insulin pen is a device like a large pen with prefilled insulin. You need to turn a dial to the desired dose and press the plunger after inserting the needle in the right site. Once the prefilled insulin is used up, replace the cartridge or take a new pen. If you have vision problem due to diabetes or any other cause, pen device can be helpful. Because you just have to turn the dial and it make clicking sound while turning.

Insulin pump:

Insulin pumps are designed to deliver insulin throughout the day and suitable for patients with type 1 diabetes. Insulin pump, is attached to a small tube with a needle on the end that is inserted in your skin, commonly in abdomen. You can adjust insulin dose and also insulin bolus to cover meals. But, you need some training to use insulin pump, which is not easy to use.

Insulin pump patch:

These are actually type of insulin pump, but do not use a tube. These pumps are directly attached to skin. They can be attached anywhere in the skin and the need to carry a big pump is eliminated. This is a new drug delivery system and new models are under development.

There are also some other ways of insulin administration and insulin delivery system, but less commonly used. Diet need to be planned well if you are receiving insulin, to prevent hypoglycemia.

Image courtesy of [antpkr] at FreeDigitalPhotos.net

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