Treatment of Common Cold

Treatment/management of common cold is mainly symptomatic. Symptomatic treatment of common cold can help alleviate symptoms and reduce suffering from the illness. The most common cause of common cold is infection by common cold causing viruses, such as rhinovirus. Currently there is no anti-viral antibiotic available which is helpful in treatment of common cold. Due to lack of effective anti-viral antibiotic the treatment of common cold is based on symptomatic approach. As different individual may show different symptoms of common cold, the treatment also vary to a great extend (as treatment is based on symptoms).

The common medications and supplements used for treatment of common cold are anti-inflammatory pain relievers, nasal decongestants (nasal congestion is a common symptom of common cold), supplements such as vitamin-C, zinc etc.

Role of antibiotics in common cold treatment:

The antiviral antibiotics have no role in treatment of common cold and at present no antiviral antibiotic is approved for treatment of common cold, although some studies has shown some potential benefits if antiviral antibiotics are used for common cold. For treatment of common cold antibacterial antibiotics also have no role to play as most common cold infections are due to virus and antibacterial antibiotics are not useful against viruses. The only role antibacterial antibiotics may play in management of common cold is, in case of bacterial infection (superimposing bacterial infection over viral infection) that may sometimes occur if common cold is severe. In case of associated bacterial infection in an individual already suffering from cold, antibacterial antibiotics are required.

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