Symptoms of Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis (the meaning of osteoporosis is porous bone) is a bone disorder, which is progressive in nature and it is characterized by decreased bone mass and bone density (bone mineral density) and demineralization of bones (mainly calcium), which leads to increased risk of bone fractures. Due to osteoporosis, bones become weak and brittle. Osteoporosis occurs in men and women, especially post-menopausal women are at higher risk of osteoporosis. There are various risk factors and causes of osteoporosis.

Bones are constantly being absorbed and replaced with new bone cells. When bone absorption continues, but creation of new bone cells can keep pace with the absorption of bone cells, osteoporosis occurs.

Symptoms of osteoporosis:

Actually, osteoporosis does not have any symptom of its own. Over time, a patient with osteoporosis may develop symptoms such as back pain (mainly due to fracture or collapse of vertebrae), decrease height, stooping posture etc.

The main problem with osteoporosis is the increased risk of fracture due to weak, brittle and demineralized bones. The common bones involved in fracture due to osteoporosis are hipbones, ribs, vertebral column, wrist and femur.

  • Fracture of bones: this is the most important and serious symptom/complication of weak bones or osteoporosis. In osteoporosis, bones may become so brittle and weak that certain subtle incidences may lead to fracture such as violent coughing, bending over and mild fall, which are usually not problematic in individuals with normal bones. Osteoporosis is common among elderly individuals (especially among post-menopausal women), who are also physically weak and there is increase risk of fall in bathrooms, toilets and other slippery places, which is the major cause of fracture and complications of osteoporosis. Due to fracture, the mobility of osteoporosis patient is restricted, which increase bone absorption without increase in new bone formation and worsening of osteoporosis. Sometimes fractures may be asymptomatic. Fracture due to osteoporosis among elderly individuals is the major cause of morbidity and mortality.
  • Elderly individuals are at higher risk of falling (with or without osteoporosis). Due to general weakness, falling eyesight (due to glaucoma and other eye problems), neurological problems (such as dementia, Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinsonism) the risk of falling high among elderly people. Fall is a common cause of fracture among patients with osteoporosis.

Osteoporosis is a common medical disorder, which need to be addressed optimally. By taking proper preventive measures, it is possible to prevent osteoporosis in majority of elderly individuals who are at risk of osteoporosis.

 

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