Positive Health

Health in broad sense does not merely means absence of disease or provision of diagnostic, curative, and preventive services. It also include as defined by WHO in its definition of health, as a state of physical, mental and social well being. The harmonious balance of this state of humans when integrated in his environment, constitute Positive Health.

The Positive Health implies the notion of perfect functioning of the body and mind. The Positive Health conceptualizes health biologically, as a state in which every cell and every organ of the body function at optimum level and in perfect harmony with the rest of the body. It conceptualizes health psychologically, as a state in which individual feel a sense of perfect well being and socially, as a state in which the individual’s capabilities for participation in the social system are optimal. These were the ideas of positive health few years ago, but at present in practical point of view, these ideas seem to be little ridiculous.

‘The concept of perfect positive health can not become a reality because, men will never be so perfectly adapted to his environment that his life will not involve struggle, failures and sufferings’ Dubos has said. Because everything in our life has to change, therefore perfect positive health will always remain a mirage. In this concept health has been described as a potentiality. The ability of an individual or social group, to modify itself continually, in the face of changing condition is what defines positive health. Doctor and community health worker face with the same situation, as faced by a farmer for insects. The job is never is done.

Recently, a broader concept has emerged, that the quality of life has been an essential part of health. The quality of life depends on not only medical action, but also economic, cultural, social factors operating in the community.

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