Menopause, Perimenopause, Pre-menopause and Post-menopause

There are several terms very closely related to menopause and sometimes the terms may be confusing, especially to a layperson. Here some terms closely related to menopause are described, they are pre-menopause, peri menopause and post menopause. It is important to understand these terms to have a clear idea about menopause.

Menopause:

It is actually a specific date in a woman’s life. Menopause can be defined as the day after a woman’s final menstruation stops, provided the woman has a uterus. If uterus is removed for any reason (medical reason such as tumor in uterus), menopause begins from that day. After menopause there is no more menstruation in a woman’s life. In practice the date of menopause is actually fixed retrospectively, i.e. a woman is considered to reach menopause if no menstruation occurs for 12 consecutive months, except some medical conditions where there may be amenorrhea (absence of menstruation) for 12 months or more at a young age. Once menopause starts the ovaries stop functioning.

Premenopause:

This term describes the years leading to menopause. During pre menopause many changes occurs and reproductive hormone levels are erratic and as a result menstruation also become erratic.

Perimenopause:

This is the term used to describe the years of transition when a woman’s menstruation initially become erratic and finally stops permanently. In a normal woman with functioning uterus, the term perimenopause describes the years preceding menopause (when menstruation becomes erratic) to after menopause. In simple term peri- menopause is the period few years before menopause and few years after menopause, when there are several changes that occurs in a woman’s life.

Perimenopause can be defined as the time from which menses start to become irregular until the time when it is known that periods have ceased completely, which is generally at least a year after final stoppage of menstruation (as the definition of menopause requires no menstruation for at least 12 consecutive months).

Post menopause:

This is the term used for the period in a woman’s life after menopause (no menstruation for 12 consecutive months). In simple term post menopause is the period in a woman’s life after menopause till her death.

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1 Comment

  • Romona September 23, 2012 09.41 pm

    You are a very capable individual!

    Reply 

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