How To Prevent Diabetic Foot Ulcer?

ID-100121623The most important symptom (probably) of diabetic foot is diabetic foot ulcer and it is a major complication of diabetes (other major complications of diabetes include diabetic retinopathy, diabetic nephropathy, diabetic neuropathy etc.). Diabetic foot ulcer occurs in p to 15% of all diabetes patients. Diabetic foot ulcer accounts for approximately 85% of all lower leg amputations among all patients, including diabetes patients and non-diabetes patients.

Prevention of diabetic foot ulcer:

Steps taken for prevention of diabetic foot can help in reducing incidence of diabetic foot ulcer among diabetes patients, especially among the diabetic individuals whose blood sugar is not well controlled. Following steps can reduce/prevent diabetic foot ulcer to a great extent:

  • Get reviewed by chiropractor regularly to check conditions of your feet and legs to prevent diabetic foot ulcer
  • Use special socks and shoes made for diabetic individuals, which are helpful in preventing diabetic foot ulcer. It is more important to use special foot wear (shoes and socks and other foot wears) if there is any anatomical deformity in a diabetic patient.
  • Avoid injury to leg and feet as far as practicable and treat promptly if there is any injury, even if it is a minor injury. Consult your physician and chiropractor if there is any injury to you feet or legs
  • It is important that you educate yourself about foot care and upgrade your knowledge regularly. Increase surveillance of your foot care to prevent development of diabetic foot ulcer.

Prevention does not necessarily mean only taking preventive measures. It is also very important to have a knowledge and understanding about the risk factors of diabetic foot and diabetic foot ulcer. The risk factors of diabetic foot ulcer are

  • Diabetic neuropathy is the most important risk factor for development of diabetic foot and diabetic foot ulcer. Diabetic neuropathy results from several metabolic and neurovascular factors in a diabetes patient. Diabetic neuropathy causes loss of feeling and/or pain in the toes, feet, legs as well as in the arms due to damage of peripheral nerves and lower blood flow (due to involvement of micro blood vessels). As the toes, feet and legs become numb, blisters and sores develop on the skin and ignored by the patient because they are painless, as there may not be any nerve supply and no feeling, which results in infection. In diabetes patient ulcers and infections do not heal easily and lead to development of diabetic foot and diabetic foot ulcer.
  • Due to damage of micro blood vessels, ischemia occurs, which ultimately leads to development of diabetic foot and diabetic foot ulcer.

“Image courtesy of sattva / FreeDigitalPhotos.net”.

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