How Minimally Invasive Surgery Has Changed the Way Surgery Is Viewed

Generally looking, there are two types of operations: invasive and minimally invasive. The first is considered the traditional procedure with large incisions, long operating times and recovery, as well as great postoperative pain. With the progress of technology, scientists started working on noninvasive methods that would prevent patients from experiencing these problems. Minimally invasive surgery is widely present now, and it poses as the first choice for a growing number of surgeons.

What are benefits of minimally invasive surgery?

Unlike open surgeries which require a large incision and cutting surrounding muscles and tissues, minimally invasive procedures need small incisions through which the surgeon inserts required instruments without having to cut anything. That way, the patient doesn’t experience excruciating postoperative pain.id-100279849

The benefits of non-invasive surgeries are numerous, but the most valuable perks include:

  • Decreased scarring
  • Fewer complications
  • Increased safety
  • Less blood loss
  • Lower cost
  • Lower risk of infections
  • Outpatient setting (patient is allowed to go home the same day)
  • Quicker return to normal activities
  • Shorter recovery time

 

How minimally invasive surgeries work?

To perform the non invasive surgery procedure, the surgeon utilizes state-of-the-art technology to decrease the damage to the tissue. In most operations of this type, the surgeon makes small ¾ inch incisions that are long enough to insert trocars, thin tubes. One of the trocars is the place where the surgeon inserts a small camera (endoscope or laparoscope) that allows him/her to get a clear look of the affected area and the entire process. Then, specialized instruments for the particular procedure are inserted through remaining trocars.

The primary goal of this technique is to reduce the trauma on the body. For example, several noninvasive spine fusion surgery devices have been created to allow placement of pedicle screws and rods in the spine using smaller incisions rather than one big incision that leaves a long, and unappealing scar that all patients hate.

Minimally invasive surgeries keep changing medicine

Back in time, the noninvasive approach was only used to operate smaller injuries and health issues, while complicated situations required more invasive technique. With the incredible progress of technology, doctors are always finding new ways to perform even more difficult procedures in a non-invasive manner.

For example, the Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences published research which showed that minimally invasive spine procedure for chronic pain is associated with less blood loss, faster postoperative ambulation, lower use of opioids, and it’s cost-effective. On the other hand, the study featured in the BMJ found that noninvasive approach is equally effective as open surgery for lumbar spinal stenosis.

Furthermore, the study presented at the Western Thoracic Surgical Association’s annual meeting in Santa Ana Pueblo, New Mexico showed that minimally invasive lung surgery should be a standard care in treatment for early-stage lung cancer. The findings from this study give a glimpse of hope to all lung cancer patients that there is a potential, noninvasive solution to help them beat their severe disease.

The BJUI International published results of the research which confirmed that long-term survival following minimally invasive bladder cancer surgery is comparable to those of open surgery.

A broad range of studies only confirm the beneficial effects of noninvasive surgeries for different health problems ranging from spine to bladder cancer. Each study propels even more clinical trials and inspires scientists to think of other, minimally invasive approaches, whose goal is to help patients get better without causing additional physical and emotional stress that open surgeries do.

Thanks to minimally invasive approach, surgeries aren’t viewed as unbearable ordeals marked with a lot of pain and the long recovery that is also expensive at the same time.

The JAMA Surgery featured results of the research which revealed that minimally invasive procedures are associated with lower health plan spending than standard operations. They are also linked to fewer days of absence from work. In fact, if noninvasive surgeries were used for all patients undergoing any of the six types of operations that this study followed in the US in 2009, spending would have decreased by $2.3 billion and absenteeism by 20 000 person-years, similarly worth $800 million.

Conclusion:

Minimally invasive surgeries aren’t just performed for the smallest injuries or health problems; doctors are finding new ways to perform demanding procedure in a noninvasive manner. The excellence of surgeons who utilize state-of-the-art technologies to conduct these operations is mandatory. Noninvasive surgeries are viewed as salvation, opportunity to recover without the additional stress that comes with open surgeries, and they cost less, thus giving hope to patients with limited budget to recover.

 

Image courtesy of [David Castillo Dominici] at FreeDigitalPhotos.net

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