How Diabetic Ketoacidosis is Diagnosed?

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Diagnosis of diabetic ketoacidosis is not very difficult. If your doctor suspect you of having diabetic ketoacidosis, he/she may perform a physical examination and also may ask for various tests. To diagnose diabetic ketoacidosis, following tests are helpful,id-100424449

  • Blood glucose level: this is very important and it is always quite high in case of diabetic ketoacidosis, because of lack of insulin. Due to lack of insulin, body starts using fats for energy and sugar level starts to increase.
  • Blood ketone levels: as body start using fats for energy, instead of glucose, breakdown of huge amount of fats lead to accumulation of ketones (the breakdown product of fats, which is acidic and lead to acidosis) in bloodstream.
  • Ketones in urine: due to high ketone level in blood it passes into urine and can be easily detected in urine with simple test.
  • Blood pH: because ketones are acidic, high concentration of ketones in blood lead to acidic pH (low pH) and acidosis occurs. Acidosis lead to abnormal functioning of various organs all over the body.
  • Blood electrolyte test can reveal abnormal electrolytes and disturbance of electrolyte balance in body. This need to be addressed urgently.
  • Other tests that may be helpful and asked by your doctor include, ECG (electrocardiogram), chest X-ray etc.

If you have diabetes and you are familiar with the symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis, it is possible to diagnose the conditions using home use test kits, these include checking of blood glucose level at home using glucose meter and checking ketones in urine using a home test kit for detecting ketones in urine. If you suspect suffering from diabetic ketoacidosis (if you are a diabetic), these home tests can also identify diabetic ketoacidosis, and help you get immediate medical attention. However, it is not advisable to rely on home tests and one should always seek adequate medical attention if you suspect of having diabetic ketoacidosis. Because, diabetic ketoacidosis is medical emergency situation and need prompt and adequate treatment.

 

Image courtesy of [jk1991] at FreeDigitalPhotos.net

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