Few Important Points About Flatfoot

If anyone has flatfeet the entire sole of the feet touch the ground/floor when he/she stands on feet. The inside arch of your feet are flattened, because the arch of feet fail to develop during childhood (which is the age of growth and development). Sometimes flatfeet may develop at later age (among elderly people) as simple wear and tear stress. Flatfeet is usually painless in nature and do not cause any symptoms or complications. However, sometimes flatfeet may cause problem in ankles and knees, because it may alter the alignment of the legs. If a person with flatfeet does not suffer from pain or any other symptom, it usually need no treatment.

What symptoms may appear due to flatfeet?

Flatfeet, for most people do not cause any symptom. Some patients may develop pain in foot, which may worsen during activity such as walking or running. Swelling along the flattened arch may also be problem, sometimes. Due to change in alignment of legs, there may also be pain and other problems in knees and ankles.

What causes flatfeet?

In children before full development of foot arch, they may have some degree of flatfoot. In most people, after proper development, flatfeet disappear. However, some people never develop the arches of the feet and lead to development of flatfeet. Sometime, foot arches may flatten due to normal process of wear and tear of bones and cartileges and develop flatfeet.

What are the risk factors for flatfeet?

Risk factors for flatfeet include:

  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Obesity
  • Advanced age
  • Diabetes
  • Injury to foot or ankle may also lead to development of flatfeet

How flatfeet is diagnosed?

Flatfeet can be diagnosed easily by physical examination. To know the extent of the problem of flatfeet, your doctor may ask few tests such as X-ray, CT scan, and MRI or ultrasound examination. These test can easily detect flatfeet and the extent of involvement or problem.

What is the treatment of flatfeet?

If there is no pain or other symptom, no treatment is required. However, if flatfeet is painful or causing other symptoms, your doctor may suggest a few remedial measure such as physiotherapy, stretching exercise, supportive shoes and use of orthotic devices that supports the foot arch. Surgery is usually not required for flatfeet, however to treat some related problems such as tendon repair, you may require surgery.

Additional measure that may help flatfeet include, weight loss, adequate rest, certain medications etc.

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