Few Important Aspects about Rota Virus

Rota virus is a double stranded RNA (ribonucleic acid) virus. It belongs to Reoviridae family. Rota virus has five different species A, B, C, D and E. The first species or rotavirus A accounts for majority (more than 90%) of infections and other species are less commonly involved in human infections.

Rotavirus is unquestionably and undoubtedly most common cause of diarrhea among infants (babies below one year of age) and young children in underdeveloped, developing as well as in developed countries. It is estimated that by the age of five years most children around the globe has been infected by rota virus at least once. But the best aspect of rotavirus infection is that, with each infection the infected child develops immunity and the subsequent infections become less and less severe and by the time the child become adult, he/she rarely get infected and also infections are too mild for adults to cause any problem.

How rota virus infection is transmitted?

The route of infection of rotavirus is feco-oral route, i.e. the virus is shed by infected persons in the stool, which finds a way to water (drinking water) and food. If a child drinks water contaminated with rota virus or consume food contaminated with rotavirus or wash hands with contaminated water and eat after that, can get infected by rota virus and develop diarrhea.

Contaminated hands, surfaces and objects also transmit rotavirus. Some experts suggest that rota virus can even be transmitted by respiratory route.

Global problem of rota virus:

Although rota virus infection and diarrhea due to it can be easily managed, the problem of rotavirus infection is still a huge threat to public health around the globe, irrespective of the development status of the nation. Worldwide more than half a million (more than 500,000) children still die of rota virus infection each year and it is alarming situation. Rotavirus is also responsible for more than two million cases of severe diarrhea and illness every year.

Home remedy for rota virus infection (diarrhea):

Rotavirus diarrhea is generally a mild form of diarrhea in most of the cases. The home remedy of rota virus diarrhea is use of ORS (oral rehydration salt) at the beginning of diarrhea. Do not delay in giving ORS to your child if there is diarrhea as any delay may lead to severe diarrhea and complications. In case of severe diarrhea, hospitalization is required.

Image: renjith krishnan / FreeDigitalPhotos.net

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