Diet Plan for Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus

ID-100127666IDDM (insulin dependent diabetes mellitus) is also called type I diabetes. In type I diabetes or IDDM the pancreatic cells (beta cells of Langerhans secrete insulin in the pancreas) which secrete insulin are destroyed completely or partially. Generally less than 30% of the pancreatic cells which secrete insulin are intact. There is generally no insulin resistance. As the name suggest the main treatment is insulin administration as there is inadequate insulin secretion. The oral hypoglycemic drugs have no role to play in type I diabetes.

The genetic factor in causation of type I diabetes or IDDM (insulin dependent diabetes mellitus) is weak in compare to type II diabetes (NIDDM). Type I diabetes can occur among children more commonly than type II diabetes. Family history of type I diabetes is not an important factor.

The main aim of diet for type I diabetes is to reduce carbohydrate consumption. Blood sugar level can be controlled to a great extent only by planning a proper diet. The diet should not contain foods with high glycemic index like potatoes, rice etc. Foods with high glycemic index are digested easily and get converted to glucose after absorption very fast; as a result there is rise of blood sugar level very fast. This is the main reason why foods with high glycemic index like potatoes should be avoided.

The following diet plan can be used by persons with IDDM:

Early morning: It should be tea (without sugar) with herbal artificial sweetener.

Breakfast: It should be with boiled egg, corn flakes and toast.

Mid morning: Fruit juice or any fruit with lower carbohydrates and low glycemic index like pomegranate, citrus fruits etc.

Lunch: The lunch should be with whole grain cereals (rice should be taken in limited quantity because rice is a food of high glycemic index), grams, limited quantity of fish or meat (white meat), mixed vegetables or more than one type of vegetables, curd, salad (liberal amounts) etc.

Evening tea: it should be with milk, tea and vegetable sandwich.

Dinner: It should contain salad, mixed vegetables, whole grain cereals etc. It should not be very heavy.

Bedtime should be fruit custard or fruit juice.

An important point (as with type II diabetes) is to take frequent small meals instead of taking few heavy meals throughout the day. Dinner should also be light.

Image courtesy of rakratchada torsap / FreeDigitalPhotos.net

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