Diagnosis and Management of Diabetic Hypoglycemia

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You can determine if you have diabetic hypoglycemia by determining the blood glucose level using self-monitoring of blood glucose. Using a small device (glucometer) you can check blood glucose level if you think you may be suffering from hypoglycemia, based on symptoms you suffer. If you are diabetic (hence at risk of developing hypoglycemia), you should be familiar with symptoms (especially early symptoms hypoglycemia). Generally, blood sugar level below 70 mg/dl (70 mg per 100 ml of blood) is considered hypoglycemia. However, one may not develop any symptom at that level and develop symptoms only when blood glucose level comes down to 55 mg/dl or lower.id-100112703

Whenever you check blood sugar level, you should keep record of date and time as well as medications you are taking along with dosage, diet and exercise you do etc. This is important because your doctor can decide about your medication and other management aspect based on such records.

Management of diabetic hypoglycemia:

If you suspect about hypoglycemia, check your blood glucose using glucose meter at home (you should have a glucometer at home if you are diabetic). If your blood sugar is below 70 mg/dl, you should eat or drink some food containing carbohydrate or sugar to raise blood sugar level quickly. High fat foods may not work well in hypoglycemia. Some examples of food you can take include,

  • Few pieces of hard candy
  • A glass of fruit juice
  • A tablespoonful (15 ml) of sugar or honey
  • A few glucose tablets
  • A tablespoonful of glucose powder
  • A few cookies or biscuits will also do
  • As emergency measure eat any food item available at home at your hand. This can at least stop further fall of blood glucose

If you are unable to check blood glucose level for some reason, and you have symptoms of hypoglycemia, you should consider it as hypoglycemia and take any of the above mentioned foods. Check your blood glucose 15-20 minutes later and compare with previous result. The result should improve. If the result is still low, drink more sugary drinks or food. You also should carry any sugary item along with you wherever you go, if you are diabetic. One never know when hypoglycemia attacks. Also wear a bracelet that identify you as diabetic or use any identity that shows your diabetic status.

If you have tendency to get hypoglycemia despite medication adjustment by your doctor, consult your doctor, who may prescribe glucagon, a hormone that raises blood glucose level. Your doctor may also raise the blood glucose level target to a higher level that usually done to prevent hypoglycemic attacks. If you have problems despite eating or drinking sugary food, get emergency medical help.

 

Image courtesy of [pat138241] at FreeDigitalPhotos.net

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