Weight loss refers to the reduction in body weight is usually voluntary or involuntary. Weight loss surgery also known as bariatric surgery is weight loss option that came about to assist people who have a Body Mass Index (BMI) of above 40 to lose weight. It is also a weight loss option of people with a BMI of 35-40 who have illnesses such as heart disease and diabetes lose weight. Bariatric surgical procedures have been there for over a decade and become have become more and more popular over the years.
What are my weight loss surgery options? In order to choose the best weight loss surgical procedure to undertake you should put into consideration various factors such as: the amount of weight you need to lose, the duration within which you would like to lose the weight, if the procedure can be reversed, your availability to attend mandatory follow-up appointments after the procedure, sleeping patterns as well as your eating patterns.
Below are some of the weight loss surgical options you can choose
- Gastric Bypass– This is the most common weight loss surgical procedure performed all over the world. Statistics have proven that at least 80% of people who have undergone weight loss surgeries undergo gastric bypass. This surgery has two procedures involved. The first procedure involves placing a small stomach pouch, which then creates a division between the top of the stomach and the rest of the stomach. The second and last procedure involves the creation of a division of the small intestine whereby the bottom of the small intestine is then linked or connected to the stomach pouch that was created, after which the top of the divided small intestine is then linked to the bottom of the small intestine. Gastric bypass hence leads to significant weight loss because the stomach pouch allows significantly smaller intakes of meals, which in turn lead to the less consumption of calories.
- Sleeve Gastrectomy– This weight loss surgical procedure involves restructuring the stomach by getting rid of about 80% of the stomach. Once a large portion of the stomach has been removed, the new stomach pouch holds a significantly smaller volume of food than the normal stomach can hold. This in turn leads to the intake of significantly small amounts of meals, which leads to the intake of fewer calories, which thereby leads to rapid weight loss.
- Gastric Band Insertion– This weight loss procedure involves the insertion of an adjustable silicone band around the upper part of the stomach, which in turn leads to the creation of a small stomach pouch above the inserted band. The small stomach pouch leads to the intake of a significantly small amount of food at a time, which leads to a rapid reduction in the intake of calories that in turn leads to rapid weight loss over a short period.
- Mini Gastric Bypass– This weight loss procedure is similar to gastric bypass only that a portion of the small intestine is connected to the newly created smaller stomach pouch so that when you eat a meal, it goes directly into this portion of the small intestine form the stomach pouch and then goes to bottom of the small intestine. This facilitates the thorough breakdown of consumed calories and fats to avoid their absorption thus leading to rapid weight loss.