Knee pain is a common health problem, which affect people of all ages i.e. anyone can suffer from knee pain at any time. Knee pain may be due to injury to knee (injury to ligaments or cartilage that form knee joint) or may be due to other medical conditions that affect knee (such as various types of arthritis, gout, infection etc.). In many types of minor knee pain, it can be managed by physiotherapy, self-care measures and even taking over the counter pain medications. However, in many cases surgery (surgical repair of damage) may be required to correct chronic knee pain.
What are the symptoms of knee pain?
Symptoms of knee pain may vary according to the cause of knee pain. Signs and symptoms that occur during knee pain include,
- Pain in the affected knee (may be in both knees) is the most important symptom. Pain is more during movement at knee joint.
- Redness and warmth to touch in the affected knee.
- Swelling and stiffness of the affected knee
- Instability of knee joint and weakness at knee joint
- The patient may not be able to straighten knee completely, due to pain and stiffness
- Popping or crunching noise may be heard from the knee during movement at knee joint and during walking.
- Inability to bear weight in the knees
If you have any of these symptoms consult your doctor.
Who are at risk of developing knee pain?
Many individuals are at greater risk of developing knee pain. Such as,
- Obese people are at greater risk of knee pain, because their knees have to bear more weight and damage to knee is possible. Obesity put extra load to your knees and going upstairs and downstairs is particularly burdensome for obese people. Obese person has to bear the extra load as long as he/she walks or stands. Obesity also increase risk of osteoarthritis in various weight bearing joints including knee joints. Obesity has too many health problems and knee pain is just one of them. It’s time to shed extra pounds.
- If you are engaged in certain sports you are at greater risk of developing knee pain, such as ski, basketball etc. that involve repeated pounding of knees during running and jogging while playing the sports.
- Lack of strength of muscles and lack of flexibility can increase risk of knee pain. Weak muscles cannot provide adequate support to knee and lead to injuries.
- Previous injury to knee joint is a risk factor for developing knee pain.
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