8 Tips to Prevent Cancer

No one can tell when cancer strikes. The fact is that anyone can get cancer at any time of life. No age, sex is immune to cancer. Although cancer occurs commonly among certain groups of people with some risk factors present in them. This certainly does not mean that if a person have no known risk factors of cancer, he/she will not develop cancer, he/she can still develop cancers, but risk is much less. As no one is immune from cancer, there is no definite/certain way to prevent cancer. However, doctors and scientists have identified several ways to reduce risk of cancer, they areid-100245387

  1. Quit smoking: if you are a smoker and want to reduce risk of cancer (especially lung cancer), you should quit smoking. Because, medical science has proven beyond doubt that smoking is the most important factor in causing lung cancer. Smoking is also linked to cause various other types of cancers, not only lung cancer. Hence, if you are a smoker quit smoking now and if you are a non-smoker do not start smoking.
  2. Avoid excessive exposure to direct sun: ultra violet rays of sun is known to cause skin cancer. Hence, it is important to avoid direct exposure to sun for prolonged periods, especially if you have fair skin. Blacks generally do not develop skin cancer due to exposure to sun, because of the pigment they have in the skin that protect them from UV rays.
  3. Eat healthy: it is important to eat well balanced diet that contain all the essential nutrients in right quantity. Your daily diet should contain fresh fruits and vegetables.
  4. Avoid carcinogens: this is an important aspect of cancer prevention. Certain foods contain carcinogens (such as smoked meat, fish etc.) And one should avoid them. Carcinogens are also present in environment, e.g. Various chemical can lead to cancer when exposed for prolonged period. Occupational exposure to various carcinogens should be stopped, e.g. Exposure to asbestos (the only known causative agent for mesothelioma cancer).
  5. Maintain healthy weight: if you are overweight or obese, you are at greater risk of developing cancer in compare to normal weight persons. Hence, maintain healthy body weight. Exercise most days of the week. Moderate exercise for 30 minutes a day for most of the days is very good for this. Balanced diet and regular exercise can help maintain normal body weight as well as keep you in good general health.
  6. Consume alcohol in moderation, if you like drinking. If you are male and over 65 years of age or if you are a female, do not drink more than one drink in a day. If you are an adult male below 65 years of age do not drink more than 2 drinks a day. Do not over drink. If you are not fond of drinks, it is best not to drink alcohol.
  7. Get cancer screening done: this is very effective way to prevent cancer to a certain extent. Cancer screening is done for high risk groups. Talk to your doctor and get cancer screening done, if you have risk factor(s) for cancer, e.g. If you are a male of over 55 years of age, get screening for prostate cancer, because prostate cancer is common after 55 years of age, females should get breast cancer and cervical cancer screening done regularly.
  8. Ask your doctor about immunization. Certain cancers are caused by viral infections and vaccination against such viral infections can effectively prevent those types of cancers. For example, hepatitis B infection increases risk of liver cancer and HPV (human papilloma virus) infection increase risk of cervical cancer. Get vaccination against hepatitis B and HPV.

These preventive measures can reduce risk of cancer to a great extent. However, one may still get cancer, because no one is immune from cancer. We can only reduce risk of developing certain types of cancer.

 

Image courtesy of [stockimages] at FreeDigitalPhotos.net

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